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Biography Of Samuel Langhorne Clemens Aka Mark Twain

1169 words - 5 pages

On November 30, 1835, the small town of Florida, Missouri had witnessed the birth of it’s most famous son Samuel Langhorne Clemens aka Mark Twain. Samuel Langhorne Clemens was the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. What makes Samuel L. Clemens (Mark twain) is that he was born and died in the same years that Halley’s Comet flew by the earth. Approximately, four years after Samuel’s birth in 1839, the Clemens family moved to the town of Hannibal and his father had built a two-story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844, Samuel’s father was a judge,storekeeper, lawyer, and land speculator. Samuel was kept inside his house in Hannibal due to poor health but the age of nine, Samuel had recovered from his ailments. Mark Twain, also known as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was considered America’s most famous literary icon (symbol) during his era. (http://www.cmgww.com)
After Samuel had recovered from his ailments, he attended a private school in Hannibal. Jane Clemens became in charge of the household in 1847 when John Clemens had died from pneumonia unexpectedly. The Clemens family “now become almost destitute (empty),” and was forced several years of economic struggle - a fact that would change the career of Samuel L. Clemens aka Mark Twain. (http://www.biography.com) Shortly after the death of John Clemens, Samuel found employment as an apprentice printer at the Hannibal Courier which paid him with a small portion of food and in 1851, at the age of fifteen, Samuel had gotten a job as a printer, occasional writer and editor at the Hannibal Western Union which was operated by his older brother, Orion. At the age of seventeen, Samuel had left Hannibal for a printer’s job in St. Louis. (http://www.cmgww.com)
In 1857, twenty-one-year-old Clemens has fulfilled his dream: he began learning the art of piloting a steamboat on the Mississippi, as he was licensed by 1859, he found a regular employment of plying the shoals and channels of the great river. Samuel loved his career because it was exciting, good pay, fun, and high-status but Samuel had lost his job due to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 which made most civilian traffic on the river to an abrupt start. Clemens had joined the Confederate Army in June of 1861 and served for several weeks before his volunteer unit disbanded and Samuel Clemens headed out to the great American West. In 1861, Samuel Clemens is going to live in California and Nevada for the next five years so in September 1861, Samuel had worked as a reporter for the, “Virginia City Territorial Enterprise.” In February of 1870, Samuel L. Clemens had married Olivia (Livy) Langdon, the daughter of a rich New York coal merchant, who later had four children when they had settled in Buffalo. Samuel had created news stories, editorials and sketches and during this time, Samuel L. Clemens had adopted the pen name “Mark Twain” - steamboat slang for twelve feet of water.
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