Biography Of Sun Yat Sen, Communist Leader.

631 words - 3 pages

He was born to a peasant family inCuiheng Village Xiangshan County of Guangdong Province,in southern China The county has been renamed Zhongshan in his honor.At age 13 he went to live with an older brother, who had immigrated there as a laborer andbecome a prosperous merchant, in Hawaii. He subsequently practiced medicine in that city. Hisyears in the west induced in him a dissatisfaction with the Qing government of China and hebegan his political career by attempting to organize reform groups of Chinese exiles in HongKong. In October 1894 he founded the Xing Zhong Society to unveil the goal of prosperingChina and as the platform for future revolutionary activities.In 1895 a coup he plotted failed, and for the next 16 years Sun was an exile in Europe, the UnitedStates, Canada, and Japan, raising money for his revolutionary party and bankrolling uprisings inChina. In Japan he joined dissident Chinese groups and soonbecame their leader. He was expelled from Japan to the United States.On October 10, 1911, a military uprising at Wuchang in which Sun had nothing to do with,began a process that ended five thousand years of imperial rule in China. When he learned of thesuccessful rebellion against the Qing emperor from press reports, Sun immediately returned toChina from the United States.On December 29 at Nanking, a meeting of representatives from provinces elected Sun as thePresident of the Republic of China and set the New Year's Day of 1912 as the firstday of the First Year of the Republic.After the swearing in, Sun Yat-sen telexed all provinces to elect and send new senators toestablish the National Assembly of the Republic of China. Then the governmentorganizational guidelines and the law of the Republic were declared as the basic lawof the country by the Assembly.The provisional government declared by Sun was in a very weak position. The provinces ofsouthern China had declared independence from the Qing dynasty, but most of the...

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