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Biography Of Victor Hugo Essay

695 words - 3 pages

Victor Marie Hugo was a French poet, author, and playwright,and he was part of the Romantic movement. He is one of the greatest and best known French writers. Within France, his fame first came from his poetry but later his novels and his plays also brought him fame. Among his many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles are some of his most famous. Outside of France, he is best known for the novels Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris. Though he was a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as he got older and he became a supporter of republicanism. A lot of his works mention the political and social circumstances of his time. He was buried in the Panthéon on June 1st, 1885.
Victor was the third son of Joseph Léopold Sigisbert Hugo and Sophie Trébuchet, and had two brothers.His parents strongly disagreed about religion and politics. He was born in 1802 in Besançon. Hugo was a republican and considered Napoléon a hero; whereas his mother was a Catholic Royalist. When Hugo was a child, Napoléon became Emperor, but the monarchy was restored before he turned eighteen. Since Hugo's father was an officer in Napoleon’s army, the family moved around a lot. At the start of his parent’s marriage, Hugo's mother traveled with her husband to military posts in places like Italy and Spain. But eventually, she got tired of the constant moving of military life. She separated from her husband (temporarily) in 1803 and moved to Paris with her children. After that, she was the most prominent figure in Hugo’s life. His beliefs reflected hers while he was young, but would change after he got older. Victor fell in love and got engaged to a childhood friend Adèle Foucher, but it had to be kept secret due to his mother’s opinion. Since he had a very close relationship with his mother, Hugo waited until after she died to marry Adèle in 1822. The couple had five children together.
Hugo published his first novel the year after his marriage, and his...

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