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Biological And Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1690 words - 7 pages

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Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentUno de los asuntos más desconcertantes de la psicología es comprender la relación entre la mente y el cerebro. Todos reconocemos que tenemos conciencia de nuestro entorno, y también de nosotros mismos. Dicha experiencia es la que normalmente ha sido descrita como la mente. Tanto los filósofos como los científicos han estado estudiando esta materia desde hace siglos. Explicar la naturaleza de la conciencia fue considerado por William James (uno de los grandes pioneros de la psicología) como el tema más difícil de responder para la psicología. Hoy, cien años después de que James hizo dicho comentario, la duda sigue existiendo. En este ensayo se comparara y se mencionaran las diferencias entre el enfoque biológico y humanista, se mencionaran dos características en las que estoy de acuerdo y dos en las que estoy en desacuerdo. Se utilizara la jerarquía de necesidades de Maslow para comparar que necesidades de crecimiento influencian la formación de una personalidad y se mencionara cual de las dos teorías mejor describe mi personalidad.El enfoque biológico de la personalidad es que todos los rasgos caen debajo de tres dimensiones. Estas dimensiones se llaman extroversión, introversión, neuroticismo y psicoticismo (Burger, 2007). La personalidad extrovertida se considera que es saliente y presenta la característica de la sociabilidad. La personalidad extrovertida es el que se podría considerar como el alma de la fiesta y disfruta estar rodeado de otras personas. La personalidad extrovertida tiene un nivel distinto de excitación en el cerebro (burger, 2007). El extrovertido tiene generalmente un menor nivel de excitación que los introvertidos.La personalidad introvertida es más tranquila y relajada. La personalidad introvertida tiene un mayor nivel de excitación cortical cerebral y no tiene que ser el alma de la fiesta o compartir alrededor de muchos amigos. La personalidad introvertida se siente cómoda estando sola. La personalidad introvertida prefiere ambientes que no estimulen su nivel de excitación ya que prefieren mantenerlos bajo control. La estimulación externa podría causar que el introvertido se excite más rápido que los extrovertidos.Otra dimensión de la personalidad es el neuroticismo. Las personas que obtienen puntaciones altas en el área del neuroticismo tienden a ser más emocionales en referencia a pequeñas frustraciones. Dicha personalidad actúa bajo impulso y no razona lógicamente en situaciones de "stress", se frustran con facilidad, y son a menudo propensos a la depresión. Las personas que obtienen calificaciones baja en la...

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