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Biological Anthropology Essay

882 words - 4 pages

Field Research Paper
As soon as I found out that was going to be held responsible for getting myself to a zoo and conducting an observation of both a non-human primate and a human primate I was pretty excited. I had never been part of an experiment or observation before this class. I can honestly say this is the first class that I was able to, in some way, experience what I was learning, on my own with not a ton of rules holding me back. I really enjoyed going to the zoo alone, with no distractions, family or friends telling me about their lives. I was able to enjoy parts of nature completely on their own merit. To be completely honest I didn’t even want to go see the non-human primates ...view middle of the document...

Bonobos are actually part of a group called Anthropoids, which basically means high primate. They include New and Old world monkeys, African and Asian apes, and old world Anthropoids. To break it down even more bonobos are better described as hominoids in the African ape section of this group which consists of chimps, bonobos, and gorillas. . Characteristics of hominoids include no tail, brachiation in the shoulder which allows arm swinging, thumbs, and the ability to use symbols and tools. Bonobos are found only south of the Congo River and north of the Kasai River in the humid forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo of central Africa.
The only true enemies of bonobos are humans. Threats to bonobo survival include hunting and habitat destruction. While there are taboos against hunting bonobos in some communities surrounding their range, they are hunted as meat by other communities. The pet trade also jeopardizes bonobo survival in the wild. This practice is particularly harmful because in order to obtain infants for sale, poachers must kill the mothers. Poaching is especially prevalent when researchers are not present at study sites. Habitat destruction in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is due to commercial logging, clearing land for agriculture, food acquisition by human communities, and human settlement. Underlying most of the threats to bonobos in the wild is the volatile political climate of DRC which directly affects the Congolese people and both directly and indirectly affects the apes. Many international...

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