Biological Classification: Linnaeus System Essay

953 words - 4 pages

The following paper outlines the use of the Linnaeus system of classification as applied in the field of biology and evolution. The aim of the paper is to highlight how living things are related to other in the ecosystem (Pierce, 2007). It takes us through the evolutionary system highlighting all the important features of life development amongst all the living things.
Biological classification
Classification is the process of categorizing all the living creatures into group hierarchies citing their characteristic features. Classification is based on the work of Carl Linnaeus. During the 18th century, Linnaeus devised a biological method of classifying living things (plants and animals) (Altran, 1990). This method has been universally used to understand the use of science in the natural development of living things.
Carolus Linnaeus was a Swedish medical doctor and a renowned botanist who lived between 1707 and 1778. He is referred to as the father of botanical classification. He developed the scientific method of classifying living things in the 18th century making it possible to integrate and understand their development in a more defined way (Altran, 1990).
According to Linnaeus, the main aim of classification is to explain the evolutionary process of living things and the way they are related to each other. Carl indicated that there are five botanical kingdoms (Pierce, 2007). The five kingdoms are further subdivided in to other diverse and exclusive groups. The following is the hierarchical sequence of classification: the kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and the species.
The Systematics or taxonomy is the art of classifying living things according to their similarity in characteristics. It is developed using the basic factors of genetics, physiology, morphology and ecological characteristics (Altran, 1990). The process of classifying living creatures starts with knowledge resolution in an orderly manner (Rudwick, 1985). This involves giving names, offering descriptions and arranging all living things according to classes.
The hierarchy of taxonomy is consisted of a series descending in ranks (Rudwick, 1985). The ranks decent from the overall animal kingdom down to the species: the basic unit of all living things. This unit (species) is referred to as the base of taxonomy. The rules of nomenclature give guidelines on the naming of living things. It requires that the species name of a creature be italicized.
Earnest & Bock (2002) states that:
Each organism is identified by a generic name and a specific name, which are usually italicized, and followed by the name of the author who first described the species; e.g., Ips confusus (LeConte) is the name of a bark beetle in the genus Ips with the specific name confusus which was first described by LeConte. The brackets around the author's name indicate that the original name has been changed. The names of families can be identified by the ending idae, e.g. Scolytidae...

Find Another Essay On Biological Classification: Linnaeus System

Microbiology History Report

1812 words - 8 pages with his friend’s father. After achieving his medical degree, Linnaeus soon became published. Systema Naturae was a brief manuscript that Linnaeus wrote to present his method of sorting and describing living things. Systema Naturae was among the first written works to ascribe plants into groups based upon the number and position of stamens and pistils, known as the “sexual system” of classification. This system became very popular, and was

Charles Darwin Was Not the First to Develop a Theory of Evolution

4874 words - 19 pages reality other than that of the individuals composing it, and that the idea of a species was just a category invented by the human mind . . ." This seems rather ironic however when we find from another Encyclopedia article that, "The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) became known as the father of modern taxonomy through his major work Systema Natura [The System of Nature] first published in 1735. Linnaeus, however believed that each

prelim life on earth study notes

4779 words - 19 pages the Class: mammals have milk glands. 4.4) Discuss, using examples, the impact of changes in technology on the development and revision of biological classification systems When organisms were classified just according to their external structure (Linnaeus' system) there were only 2 kingdoms: plants and animals The invention of the light and electron microscopes, and the discovery of cells and the discovery of

uiiu

3849 words - 16 pages long been disproven, but it still important to the field of physical anthropology. Carl Linnaeus (18th century) created the first system of classification of species, a similar system that is still used in Paleoanthropology today. Jane Goodall (20th century) was one of the leading primatologists of the 20th century; much of what we know about primate behavior comes from her work with Chimpanzee in Africa. Subfield of Anthropology: Linguistic

evolution

5675 words - 23 pages perpetuate themselves each generation.[20] These species were designed by God, but showing differences caused by local conditions. The biological classification introduced by Carolus Linnaeus in 1735 also viewed species as fixed according to a divine plan.[21]In 1842 Charles Darwin penned his first sketch of what became On the Origin of Species .[22]Other naturalists of this time speculated on evolutionary change of species over time according to

Analysis of Rosenberg's "Lessons from Biology for Philosophy of the Human Sciences"

954 words - 4 pages explained with a historical perspective (5). There is a constant need to refer to particular regions, places and times that ever existed in the annals of this universe when describing the past. Biology’s historical character is even more evident in the taxonomy of any given biological system. Biological sense can only be found when considering Charles Darwin’s findings and more specifically against the background of his theory of

The Anatomical Classification of Organisms to Show Evolutionary Relationships

1373 words - 5 pages classification systems, anatomical classification and hominoid genetic classification. The Anatomical Classification begins with three groups; hylobatids, pongids, and hominids, which refer to gibbons, great apes, and humans, respectively. The Hominoid Genetic Classification system groups them a bit differently. It begins with two major groups, hylobatids and hominids. In this classification, rather than referring to humans alone, the hominids

Genome Sequencing

1672 words - 7 pages life only begins here. It appears that the time has come to move formal taxonomy and phylogenetic classification into line with the system emerging from molecular data.Prior to the 1960's, evolutionary study had been confined to multicellular eucaryotes whose histories, at best, only cover about 20% of the total evolutionary time span. Plants and animals have complex morphologies, which served as the basis for their phylogenetic classification

Race and biology

722 words - 3 pages Race can be viewed as both biological and social behavioral of science assertions. What is Race? According to the encyclopedia, “Race is a classification system used to categorized humans into large and distinct .affiliation.” Biological we are the same species who socialized but treat each other differently. Therefore sociological classification led to a social disease called “racism”. In the circular case of Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896, race

Sedimentary Rocks

777 words - 3 pages Sedimentary Rocks PAGE 4 Sedimentary RocksSedimentary RocksSedimentary rocks are rocks, which are formed when parts of deceased organisms or pieces of rocks that already exist form deposits on the surface of the Earth. Sedimentary rocks have three main classifications. The classifications are biological sedimentary rocks, chemical sedimentary rocks, and clastic sedimentary rocks. Each sedimentary rock classification has characteristics that

This essay is actually my research based assignment of Artificial Intelligent Study regarding to "Imange Processing"....

1231 words - 5 pages optical imaging technology with robotics and computer vision technology and statistical learning algorithms. The research focus in two main areas, which firstly to develop methodology for image feature extraction from multispectral biological images, find out the most discerning feature subsets, achieve high classification rates with minimum false positive rate, so that to provide immediate and direct feedback to the image process. Secondly is to

Similar Essays

Carolus Linnaeus: Jack Of All Trades Essay

1160 words - 5 pages To many people, Carolus Linnaeus is characterized as being the greatest symbol in Sweden as a naturalist scientist. He was a taxonomist, a botanist, a zoologist, an ecologist, he also worked in medicine and in natural history but his main passion was botany (Anderson 10). He became world famous and was named an important naturalist because of the system he developed and used to name and classify plants, animals, minerals, and even on occasion

Classification Schemes In Biology Essay

1017 words - 4 pages bylanguage barriers, and would also classify the millions of speciesthroughout the world. Binomial classification in its simplest form is away of naming a species by means of two names both in Latin. Latin wasoriginally used because it was the language of the founders of theclassification system, like Carolus Linnaeus, but it continues to beused presently because it is a "dead language". This means that it isno longer changing or evolving, so it stays

Creation Theories Essay

1792 words - 7 pages gap between us and other primates, they say, was unbridgeable by evolution, and must therefore have involved an act of special creation” (Coyne 193). The theory of evolution has been comical to many creationists, but not to all. Some liberal creationist believe that species may have developed from others, but humans fall nowhere in that classification. Nevertheless, biologist, Carl Linnaeus, researched that Homo sapiens, better known as humans

Biological Species And Reproductive Isolation         Species Is A Latin Word

1157 words - 5 pages Biological Species and Reproductive Isolation Species is a Latin word meaning ¡°kind¡± or ¡°appearance¡± (Dictionary). Indeed, we learn to distinguish between the kinds of plants or animals from differences in their appearance. Linnaeus, the founder of modern taxonomy, described individual species in terms of their physical form (Campbell, 446). However, species is not considered just as a population