Biological Markers Blood Essay

1259 words - 5 pages

The mixed up case file on an individual presents, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, cold feet, weight loss, skin infections, itchy ear, decreased vision, change in bowel movements and sexual dysfunction. It is possible the patient could be suffering from yellow fever as the symptom matches that of yellow fever except with the itchy ear, weight loss and sexual dysfunction. However, the patient should have travelled to the South America or the sub-Saharan Africa.
After carefully analysing and comparing all the symptoms, Diabetes type 2 fit the symptoms of the individual.
Damage to the blood vessels and the nerves can occur if there is high blood glucose levels in the body. This usually leads to a tingling or burning pain that spreads from your fingers and toes up through your limbs. If the nerves in the digestive system are affected, the individual may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation.

Blood vessels in the retina of your eye can become blocked, leaky or grow haphazardly. This prevents the light from fully passing through to your retina resulting in blurring of vision which varies throughout the day depending on blood sugar levels. A long time effect of diabetes can cause cataract.

The better blood sugar levels is controlled, the less chance a person have of developing serious eye problems. Having an annual eye check by a specialist (an ophthalmologist or an optometrist) can help pick up signs of any potentially serious eye problems early on, so that they can be treated.
When blood vessels becomes permeable or blocked, it causes the kidneys to work less effective and can lead to kidney failure.

If there is damage to the nerves, small scratches and cuts are not noticed which can then lead to puffiness, swelling and make the skin hot to touch.
Several factors are usually combined to develop of type 2diabetes, but the major factor that contributes to Diabetes is heredity. People who have family history of diabetes are 25% more likely to develop diabetes. (Diabetes UK)
The likelihood of an individual getting type two diabetes is grater if a closer relative has it.
Type 2 diabetes is up to six times more common in South Asian communities than in the general UK population and three times more common among people of African and African-Caribbean origin.
Diet, is also a major factor that contributes to diabetes. Too much of Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, can be harmful to the body. The body in needs a balanced diet to produce energy for performing vital functions. When the body takes in more food than it can handle, performing its function of insulin secretion is limited. Therefore, with insufficient insulin secretion, the blood sugar level rises, leading to diabetes mellitus.
Obesity is another risk factor of diabetes. Excessive body fat as compared to the height of an individual, serves as a predisposing factor for diabetes mellitus. Insulin do not function properly due to the extra fat in the body , the muscles...

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