Biological Precursors Of Lust And Love

1827 words - 7 pages

The premiere of Edmond Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac in 1897 introduced a love affair that would be remembered for years to come; Baron Christian de Neuvillette and Cyrano de Bergerac’s yearning for Lady Roxane’s love inspires them to collaborate in earning her love. However, research shows that the female body physiologically desires different traits in males across the cycle of menstruation. It can be argued that Christian and Cyrano cannot create a single, ideal persona for Roxane to pursue a relationship with, given their personalities evoke functionally separate responses and will seem appealing to Roxane during different times within her menstruation cycle.
The Menstrual Cycle
A woman’s 28-day span of menstruation is a time to prepare for the conception of a child. Various hormones have been found to continuously occur in correspondence to a woman’s certain stage of menstruation (Puts, 2006, p. 117). The fluctuation of these chemicals exhibits varying responses throughout the body that influence “romantic, sexual emotions” and intentions behind a female’s preferences in a male partner (Crenshaw, 1996, p. 3). Around the 14th day of a woman’s menstruation cycle, for example, the hormone progesterone has been found to be low in concentration (Puts, 2006, p. 125). Within the same 24-48 hour timespan, “prolactin levels peak” (Puts, 2006, p. 125). From this point until the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle, also known as the luteal phase, her progesterone levels begin to rise as prolactin levels fall. The effects of these hormones on the female body reveal a link between the chemical content of a woman during menstruation and her preferences in male partners.

Probable, Hormonal Causes to Roxane’s Lust for Christian
The 24-48 hour window in which a woman’s prolactin levels increase is most commonly known as ovulation. During this period, the ovary releases an egg, increasing a woman’s fertility and ability to conceiving a child. The secretion of prolactin that simultaneously occurs has been “associated with preferences for males with more masculine” traits as well as sexual desire (Puts, 2006, p. 123). For centuries, traits of masculinity, often defined by beauty, have gone hand-in-hand with fertility rates. “[Females prefer] highly fertile mates mainly for sexual relationships and near ovulation” considering a “more masculine males are less investing but more fertile” in their contribution to a relationship (Puts, 2006, p. 116). In viewing beauty/masculinity as promising fertility, lusting over a man is second-nature during ovulation because of the increased probability to procreate.
It has also been noted that a raise in prolactin levels, which occurs around the time of ovulation, is correlated to “the quality of one’s decisions” being less thorough (Sevy et al., 2006, p. 229). It is important to properly define lust before examining this statement. Lust is noted as the “wish, need, or drive to seek out sexual objects or to engage in sexual...

Find Another Essay On Biological Precursors of Lust and Love

Themes of love and lust in Shakespeare’s Othello and The Merchant of Venice

1088 words - 4 pages Vast numbers of Shakespeare’s works allude to a common theme of either love or lust. These themes, conveyed in the stories, are either ambiguous or blatant. Shakespeare presents such themes in countless works to generate a connection with his audience who have experienced what it means to love and to lust. Nevertheless, some plays epitomize these themes better than others do. Shakespeare’s Othello and The Merchant of Venice both provide

Love, Lust, and Tragedy in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

2783 words - 12 pages Love is the forceful attraction between two people blossomed from desire and intimacy. Lust is physical manifestation of what many would call love, but in reality this feeling can bend the will of any man and woman alike. Lust is power, it is passion, and it can motivate. One thing love and lust has in common: they have the ability to kill. Thus tragedy strikes a wary, yet inevitable, sentiment every person experiences at least once in their

Precursors to Suicide in Life and Works of Sylvia Plath and Sarah Kane

2492 words - 10 pages Precursors to Suicide in Life and Works of Sylvia Plath and Sarah Kane Introduction We are going to describe factors associated with the suicidal process in lives of Sarah Kane and Sylvia Plath as reflected in the late works of these two female authors who committed suicide when they were 27 and 30 years old. Antoon Leenaars and Susanne Wenckstern (1998) have written: ?Suicide notes are probably the ultrapersonal documents. They are the

Verifying a Potential Role of GH in the Maintenance and Regeneration of Skeletal Muscle Precursors

547 words - 2 pages serum starvation or treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) like a source of ROS. We analyzed whether GH addition in culture medium can modulate cell growth, cell viability, and the activation and/or expression of molecular markers of the apoptotic process, focusing mainly on the intrinsic pathway normally triggered by free radicals (33, 34). The purpose of our study is to verify a potential role of GH in the maintenance and regeneration of skeletal muscle precursors, identifying new cellular targets for future drug therapy.

War and Lust of Power in Macbeth by William Shakespeare

1007 words - 4 pages Considered one of the darkest and most influential of the tragedies, William Shakespeare’s Macbeth tells of the effects one suffers due to war and the lust for power. Macbeth himself is led to believe that he deserving and destined to become the king of Scotland, and allows his thoughts and actions to become corrupted due to his ambition. While Macbeth loses himself in his conspiracies to murder his king and his friends, the character of Macduff

Dangers of Using Chemical and Biological Warfare

2349 words - 9 pages Chemical and biological warfare is the wartime use of chemicals, bacteria, viruses and toxins to seriously injure or kill soldiers and civilians (Chemical and Biological Warfare, 1999). The borderline between chemical and biological warfare agents has started to lose importance as a result of the rapid development of biotechnology (Chemical and Biological Warfare, 1999). Biotechnology has enabled the large-scale production of new types of

The Biological and Psychodynamic Models of Abnormality

595 words - 2 pages Though at one point in time clinical scientists believed in only one model of abnormality, we now have six very different models. The original model of abnormality was, unfortunately, the product of cultural beliefs. But because no one model can be deemed complete on its own, competing models have since developed to strive for the comprehensive means for treatment. For example, the biological model and the psychodynamic model take very different

Strengths and Weaknesses of Biological Positivism

2488 words - 10 pages Biological Positivism has both its strengths and weaknesses, it changed the way of criminological ideas and opened up new theories that were based on scientific facts rather than philosophical ideas like in Classicism. It also highlighted the importance of looking into peoples genetic make-up as research such as Brunners' research into the extra 'Y' chromosome which led to the idea that genetic defects in a family can cause abnormal behaviours

Advantages of Chemical and Biological Weapons

674 words - 3 pages excruciating painful blisters, or while you tell your loved ones that everything will be fine when there will clearly be a fatal result.Chemical and biological warfare has been around for many centuries. This type of warfare is not new. The Chinese, Greeks, and indigenous groups from South America used it. Whether it was arrows tipped with toxins, or the catapulting bacteria infested bodies, or the burning of toxic chemicals, each had its own deadly

Biological And Physical Process Of Aging

644 words - 3 pages The aging process is difficult to analyze because of the way that the body’s organ systems work together. The breakdown of one structure will ultimately affect the function of others. The medical field of gerontology deals with examining the biological changes of aging, both passive and active, that occur at the molecular and cellular levels. This paper will seek to explore those changes, and the affect that they have on the process of aging

Biological Rhythm of Sleeping and Narcolepsy

653 words - 3 pages Throughout the day, our bodies fluctuate and our brains follow. Our bodies have learned to work along with the twenty-four hour cycle of the day through the use of an internal clock called the circadian rhythm. As consciousness fades, different parts of our brain stop communicating with one another. The sleeping brain has its own biological rhythm. Approximately ever ninety minutes, we cycle through four sleep stages, NREM 1, NREM 2, NREM 3, and

Similar Essays

Shakespeare's Definitions Of Love And Lust

935 words - 4 pages full of passion for the opposite sex - whether it had been honest love or perverse lust. Nonetheless, Shakespeare, like most men, wished to charm women. With this having been so, Shakespeare's weapon of choice to be inwrought to a woman's heart was the powerful love poem. He understood love and how to attain love and demonstrated this in his often praised sonnets. Writing about the joys and tragedies while also writing about the trials and

Love And Lust Essay

982 words - 4 pages the wanting to be with one's partner can fade away. In relationships both must be present, but it is important to understand these emotions and keep them in balance. It is also important to understand their similarities and their differences. Although they can both be defined using the word longing, love involves much more, including commitment. Lust is an emotion that can simply come and go in the blink of an eye and it is important, as with any

Romeo And Juliet: Of Love, Lust, And Lost. (Summary)

1231 words - 5 pages death for any individual who disturbs the peace in the future. Romeo, the son of Montague, runs into his cousin Benvolio, who had earlier seen Romeo moping in a grove of sycamores. After some prodding by Benvolio, Romeo confides that he is in love with Rosaline, a woman who does not return his affections. Benvolio counsels him to forget this woman and find another, more beautiful one, but Romeo remains despondent.Meanwhile, Paris, a kinsman of the

Lust And Love: A Fathers Role

1411 words - 6 pages towards their families; however, later on it is found that this is not fully true for one of the fathers. In “Alchemy” one of the first attributes heard about the father is that he is a very “gruff yet caring man” (Thien 58). This shows him as a rough individual, but one that shows love to his family, and this is similar to the father in “House” who is shown to care deeply for his daughters especially when the girls’ mother leaves home. The very