Biological Social And Cognitive Outlooks On Depression Psychology Essay

1061 words - 5 pages

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Tenio Ayeni
Psychology
Professor Senecal
December 5, 2017
Final Paper
Depression is a mental disorder that more than 350 million people suffer from worldwide. It does not take sides, white or black, straight or gay, tall or short, it can affect any type of person. A continuous research on this disorder has shown phycologist how depression affects one’s biological makeup, cognitive, and social factors removing them from society and placing them with the many that consider have been diagnosed depressed.
There are many types of depression, two commonly known are Major Depressive Disorder (M.D.D) and Situational Depressive Disorder (S.D.D). Patients that struggle with M.D.D feel as though they are in a persistent state of hopelessness and lethargy, while patients with S.D.D experience a short-term form of depression that occurs following traumatic life experiences like divorce, retirement, loss of a job or the death of a relative or close friend. Feelings of emptiness, helplessness or hopelessness, guilt and worthlessness are all serious and deadly symptoms of depression. However, those diagnosed with M.D.D will experience stronger depressive symptoms for a longer period of time than a patient with S.D.D. Aside from the characteristics of these depressions,
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one thing is for certain, there are the multiple ways depression can be maintained and overcome.
Biologically, depression comes down to these things in our brain called Neurotransmitters. The brain utilizes various chemicals as messengers to speak with different parts of itself and inside the nervous system. Neurons are the major cell type in the Nervous system. They impart through chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters. These envoys are discharged and received by the brains numerous neurons. Neurons are continually speaking with each other by trading neurotransmitters and this communication system is essential to all of the cerebrums functions. Depression has been linked to problems or imbalances in the brain, specifically with the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. These three chemicals help control a good amount of our bodily functions. Imbalances of serotonin affect your sleep, lead to aggression, result in over or under eating, disturb a human’s sexual behavior, and mood. Research suggests that a decrease in the production of serotonin by these neurons can cause depression in some people, and more specifically, a mood state that can cause some people to feel suicidal. The second chemical on our list is norepinephrine. It helps our bodies to recognize and respond to stressful situations. Researchers suggest that people who are vulnerable to depression may have a norepinephrine system that doesn’t handle the effects of stress very efficiently. The last chemical to speak on is dopamine. Dopamine plays an important role in controlling our drive to seek out rewards, as well as our ability to obtain a sense of pleasure. Low dopamine levels may, in part,...

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