Biological Warfare Essay

1174 words - 5 pages

The new technologies of terror and their increasing mobility are improving everyday. Many types of warfare look to take out major numbers of people, and some even look to take specific individuals. The specific technique I will focus on is call Biological warfare. Biological warfare is a type of war that targets specific people or a specific whole country. When Biological warfare is used it usually involves a substance in which to harm others by immediate death, or death by exposure. The substance is usually used within a confined space for maximum exposure to the victims of the gas, disease, or radiation. Biological warfare usually kills people on the spot, or has long term effects in which to haunt the victim for his or her entire life. Biological warfare dates all the way back to 400.B.C., when spartan greeks used high acidic sulfur fumes against the britain enemy soldiers, which in that time, was highly effective, so this technique was used very often in this time period. In 1914, during world war I, poison gas was released and was also very effective , there were over 100,000 deaths, and 900,000 casualties as the cause of this poison gas.
Although the potential for nuclear annihilation has been reduced with the end of the cold war, America still faces attacks by weapons of mass destruction. Since the United states now has a military edge over its old enemies, the concern for nuclear deterrence should take a back seat to providing protection against small terrorists attacks involving biological weapons. Biological weapons have a catastrophic killing potential and they are easy to make and conceal. American defensive measures, however should continue to upgrade to protect itself, and Britain. Disadvantages to using Biological warfare agents as weapons include hazards to the user, their dependence on optimal weather conditions to result in effective dispersal, and their possible inactivation by solar irradiation and other climatic conditions. Attacks would most likely occur late at night or early in the morning when agents would be less likely to undergo inactivation by ultraviolet radiation. At these times, atmospheric temperature inversions would allow an agent cloud to travel at low altitude to cover its target. Biological Warfare is defined as the employment of biological agents to produce casualties in man or animals or damage to plants. An early attack took place in the Black Sea port of Kaffa in 1346. Rats and their fleas carried the disease to attacking Tatar soldiers. The same rats afflicting the Tatars likely brought disease to the Genoese. Another attempted use of biological warfare occurred between 1754 and 1767 when the British infiltrated smallpox-infested blankets to unsuspecting American Indians during the French and Indian war. Smallpox decimated the Indians, but it is unclear if the contaminated blankets or endemic disease brought by the Europeans caused these epidemics. In 1932, the Japan began a series of horrific...

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