Biology Of Crime Essay

993 words - 4 pages

Crime in the English dictionary is described as " an action or an instance of negligencethat is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the state andthat is legally prohibited". Have you ever wondered what causes an individual to act out thesecrimes? There are two theories experts do believe play key roles. The first one beingenvironmental influences. We as individuals grow up differently from one another. The waywe are brought up, the society in which we are brought up, morals introduced to us, socialclass and so forth mould us into what we become. Another example of environmentalinfluences is media. There have been quite a few examples in the past where the crimecommitted ( in a lot of cases murder) was due to influence such as music, video games andeven movies. Just a couple of years ago a teen in the united kingdom was found guilty formurdering his brother with a plastic bag ( suffocating him to death). When investigated thepolice were alarmed to find that the teen had cultivated this horrendous crime from apopular video game. This disgusting game had teens playing a criminal who was to go aroundkilling people in different manors the more gruesome the death the more points, luckily thegame was pulled off shelves. Just recently a minister has stirred up debates about therapper Jay z. The minister claimed one of Jays Z's songs had a hidden message in it. Heplayed the track backwards and surely without a doubt " Murder Murder her" was playedback to a stunned crowd.The Second theory is believed to be a biological factor. What is this you ask, first letstake a look back at history to better determine and explain what biological genetics really is andwhere it comes from. In the 19th century it was believed that brain sizes, and even skull shapescould determine if one was a criminal or not quite peculiar don't you think? Eugenics was rooted inthe social Darwinism of the 19th century, it was a period in which nations of fitness, competition,and biological rationalizations of inequality were popular. At that particular time there was agrowing number of theorists introduced Darwinian analogies of "survival of the fittest" into socialargument. Charles Darwin promoted the idea of perfecting the human race by, as he put it, gettingrid of its "undesirables" while multiplying its "desires".Eugenics apprehended during that time that some groups of people for instance thepoor, aliens and foreigners, the mentally ill or disabled and criminals, consumed irremediablegenetic defects. These supposed contaminated individuals whom fell in these categories where adangerous threat to the social order.However after world war 2, biologists in the US & Britain fought successfully todischarge human genetics from such biases in order to establish it as a solid field of science thatwould explain the complexities of human heredity and assist medicine by shedding light on therelationship of genetics to disease.Genetics is the most argued...

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