Biology Paper

1420 words - 6 pages

The human body is a complex system that often malfunctions. Many people believe that numerous diseases are a natural reflection of the body aging and cannot be avoided. The goal of my paper is to change this perception and demonstrate that healthy eating and active lifestyle can result in a healthy body at any age. Many diseases that occur in the digestive system or as a cause of complications in the digestive system are not preventable. There are a small amount of diseases that can be not only prevented, but also corrected by eating the proper nutrition or maintaining a healthy lifestyle such as Diverticular Disease and Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease.
Diverticular disease consists ...view middle of the document...

People, who are adjusted to a high-fiber diet like those who live in Africa or Asia, have a higher chance of prevalence of developing this disease (WebMD)
The symptoms of this disease may attack abruptly and they are capable of lasting from a few hours to several days. The symptoms include tenderness, cramps and pain in the lower abdomen, fever that are accompanied with chills, gas, a bloated feeling or stomach swelling, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, loss of appetite and rectum bleeding which is usually painless. It is evident that many people who are diagnosed with diverticular disease have little or no symptoms at all but those who do are recommended high-fiber diet plans or fiber supplements as treatment.
Most individuals get well by arranging a better diet and the results of this treatment also prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula. The components of the healthy diet includes fruit, vegetables and grains such as raw apples, peaches, pears, and tangerines, broccoli squash carrots and brussels sprouts, potatoes, baked beans, kidney beans, and lima beans, whole-wheat bread, brown rice, bran flake cereal, and oatmeal (Longstreth). Doctors often advise individuals with diverticulitis to bypass any food that is hard to digest such as: popcorn, corn and seeds, however there is no evidence to coincide with this statement (WebMD). In some cases, surgery is needed in order to correct or treat diverticulitis because the diet does not have the capability of curing it. Subsequently, surgery is the last option and the process involves cleaning the abdomen of bleeding hernias and the removal of infection. If the disease reoccurs a colon resection procedure is done to take out a portion of the colon that is infected with diverticula and the healthy parts of the colon are joined together to avoid any further infection.
Having a low-fiber diet leads to the complications of diverticulosis and diverticulitis because fiber is a supplement that helps regulate the colon. Individuals who reside in areas that the diet has the tendency to be high in fiber also have a low rate of the condition because their source of nutrition demands a healthy way of life. So, with the proper nutrition and a restorative lifestyle this condition is highly prevalent. The correct combination of fruits, vegetables, and grains promotes a healthy colon and digestive system.
Secondly, Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also a condition that is caused by the digestive system. Gastro esophageal is a word that specifically refers to the esophagus and the stomach and the meaning of reflux is the act of flowing backward or return. Therefore, this disease is caused by contents of the stomach seeping backwards from the stomach to the food tube, which is your esophagus. As a result, the esophagus becomes inflamed causing heartburn and a variety of other conditions in the body (WebMD). Normally, the digestion of food is allowed to pass through...

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