Biomass: Ethanol Production As A Biofuel In South Africa

2402 words - 10 pages

Biomass: Ethanol Production as a Biofuel in South Africa


Prepared for: Biotech (Pty) Ltd


Written by: ER Otto 13131214


Date: 15 May 2012

Abstract


Bio-ethanol is evaluated as a solution for an alternative energy source for transportation


within South Africa. The report shows a realistic approach concluding that all prerequisites


are met for initiation of feasible manufacturing plants within South Africa. Large scale ethanol


production is made possible from adequate Biomass with global competitiveness. The report


provides factual details on the conversion processes of Biomass as a raw product to Ethanol


as a final usable renewable Energy source. The report concludes that Ethanol is a viable


and necessary bio fuel that should be utilized with urgency.


ii

Contents


1 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1


2 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 1


2.1 Definition of Biomass .............................................................................................. 1


2.2 Definition of Biofuel ................................................................................................. 2


3 Ethanol production from Biomass .................................................................................. 2


3.1 Definition ................................................................................................................. 2


3.2 Historical Background ............................................................................................. 2


3.3 Applications and comparative results ...................................................................... 2


4 Conversion process of biofuel to ethanol ....................................................................... 4


4.1 Prerequisites ........................................................................................................... 4


4.1.1 Legislation ....................................................................................................... 4


4.1.2 Equipment ....................................................................................................... 4


4.1.3 Materials .......................................................................................................... 4


4.2 Process ................................................................................................................... 4


4.3 Implementation...

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