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Biomechanics Of Pitching Essay

855 words - 4 pages

Being a pitcher in baseball is the most important position on the whole field, but what some people don’t know about pitchers is that they have to go through a lot of training and learning the basic mechanics so they can go out and throw properly. The way the pitchers arm moves when he is going through his pitching movement is not normal Pitching injuries occur when they have lack of conditioning, overuse, or the lack of throwing mechanics.
The most common injury is when they pitcher does damage to his elbow, if the injury is bad then that would lead the surgery called “Tommy John Surgery.” What happens during the surgery the surgeon takes a tendon from another part of your body and replaces the UCL. Tommy john surgery was named after Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy John who was the first one to go through the UCL surgery back in 1974.
The truth about pitching mechanics is that there is not a perfect way to pitch a baseball, no one has the same exact mechanics it’s just not possible, pitchers develop their own mechanics that make them good, it takes years to gain those mechanics but that doesn’t not mean you can’t go off others pitchers mechanics.
There are six main steps that pitchers need to follow in order to have good mechanics.
1. The Windup-“The windup phase begins when the pitcher steps back with the front foot, balances on the back foot, and picks the front leg up. The windup phase ends when the front leg is at its maximum height and the two hands begin to separate.”
2. The Stride-“During the stride phase, a pitcher moves the front foot toward home plate as the two arms swing down and apart from each other. The stride phase ends when the front foot touches the mound.”
3. Arm cocking-“During the arm-cocking phase, the pelvis and then upper body rotate to face home plate as the throwing arm externally rotates at the shoulder. The arm-cocking phase ends when the shoulder reaches its maximum external rotation.”
4. Arm acceleration-“The phase from the instant of maximum shoulder external rotation until ball release is arm acceleration.”
5. Arm deceleration-“The phase from ball release until the arm stops internally rotating is defined as the arm deceleration.”
6. The Follow-through-“Follow-through begins with maximum shoulder internal rotation and ends when the pitcher regains a balanced position.”
(Source: American Sports Medicine Institute)

The Windup is used for when there isn’t anyone on base, or if there is a runner...

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