Biomedical Approach To Disease And Medicalisation.

1771 words - 7 pages

Sociologists define health as being the ability of a person to function normally and to perform normal duties in a regular manner on a daily basis (Browne, 1998). The healthy individual feels well. Illness, also called sickness, is a term applied to a person who does not feel well. Disease is attributed to causing sickness in an individual. It is possible to have a disease and feel well and it is possible to feel ill and not have a disease. Disease is usually attributed to a biological factor that is normally medically diagnosed (Browne, 1998). The medical diagnosis relies on the biological medical (biomedical) approach to disease that consists of the germ theory, the medical gaze and the medical specialist (Giddens, 2001).Germ theory is the explanation for the cause of disease that was developed by doctors, utilising scientific means of investigation. Germ theory is based on the existence of antigens and their effect on the human immune system. The germ theory views all disease as having an identifiable biological cause that is believed by Doctor's to produce the effect of illness in the human body (Browne, 1998, Cook, 1997, Giddens, 2001, Short, Sharman & Speedy, 1998). The cause of disease under the germ theory model must first be identified by the doctor, then separated from other body parts or systems and then finally treated in its smallest form (Giddens, 2001).The medical gaze is the process in which Doctors engaged in the treatment of an ill person become focused exclusively on that sick individuals body and ignore their mind (Giddens, 2001, McLennan, Ryan & Spoonley, 2000, Short et al, 1998). The medical gaze appears to give doctors a form of knowledge and power as they are perceived by people within society as being the only authorities allowed to treat sickness (Brown, 1998, Giddens, 2001). Society is made up of interacting human beings, that communicate with the same language and who obey the same rules of behaviour (Short et al, 1998).Sociologists have observed that the medical gaze has been used by doctors to clinically regulate the behavior of individuals within society through the control of sickness (Giddens, 2001, McLennan et al, 2000). The doctor, under the biomedical approach, is the health professional with the authority to label an individual as being sick. This authority helps to position the doctor as the gatekeeper, or controller of sickness within society and also creates a system under which the doctor must first be convinced of the existence of disease in an individual before that individual is able to withdraw from everyday normal routines (Browne, 1998, Conrad, 2001, Giddens, 2001).The biomedical approach allows individual's who believe that they are sick to adopt the sick role (Conrad, 2001, Giddens, 2001, McLennan et al, 2000). A role is the expected behaviour of a person, according to their status within society (Short et al, 1998). The sick role is the fixed behavior that is expected of a sick individual...

Find Another Essay On Biomedical approach to disease and medicalisation.

Anxiety Disorders and the Holistic Nursing Approach to Treatment

1663 words - 7 pages , counseling techniques, exercise, muscle relaxation and deep breathing, among other alternative, are effective ways of managing anxiety.Anxiety Disorders and the Holistic Nursing Approach to TreatmentWe have all felt the effects of stress at one time or another. Our bodies tell us when we are overloaded and when to slow down. If stress continues unchecked, it can develop into a more serious problem called anxiety. "...more than 20 million Americans

Analysis of Marks and Spencer's overall approach to employee relations

2292 words - 9 pages IntroductionIn this report I will be analysing Marks and Spencer's overall approach to employee resourcing. In particular its approach to human resource planning, its recruitment and selection methods, and its reward and performance management practices and how issues of diversity and health and safety are managed. Firstly, I will be introducing the company's background, strategy, structure and culture.Company BackgroundWith more than 120 years

The Approach to Nature of Descartes and White

1269 words - 5 pages The Approach to Nature of Descartes and White The approach to nature which René Descartes takes is distinct from that of Gilbert White. Descartes and White have similar key methods of examining nature. It is mainly in Descartes’ deductive

Evaluation of Dworkin's and Habermas's Approach to Civil Disobedience

1608 words - 6 pages Evaluation of Dworkin's and Habermas's Approach to Civil Disobedience The following essay will attempt to evaluate the approach taken by Dworkin and Habermas on their views of civil disobedience. The two main pieces of literature referred to will be Dworkin?s paper on 'Civil Disobedience and Nuclear Protest?' and Habermas's paper on 'Civil Disobedience: Litmus Test for the Democratic Constitutional State.' An outline of both Dworkin's and

Aristotle's Approach to Ethics and Plato's Divided Line

780 words - 3 pages Aristotle's Approach to Ethics and Plato's Divided Line I. PLATO 3) Explain the so-called ‘Divided Line’. What do the different levels mean? How does this apply to ethics? How does this apply to Knowledge, perception, and/or awareness? Explain in depth and detail. Plato’s ‘Divided Line’ is a model indicating not only levels of knowledge, but basically levels of everything. It is divided into four levels and two sides. The

"Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"

913 words - 4 pages "Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"Youth gangs are very attractive to youths in the inner-cities of America. These gangs are usually very corrupt and violent. What many people do not realize is that these gangs are having a large impact on not only the youth of America, but this country in general. A youth gang is a group of adolescents, primarily twelve to eighteen years old, whose members describe

Religion and Science: A Metaphysical Approach to Evolution

1487 words - 6 pages “science” be taught if there is no way to disprove it wrong? The advantages to this argument are if one theory (evolution) can be taught but not proved, then why is creationism not allowed to be taught? It seems like a double standard in our public institutions. If people keep an open mind and realized that what they are being taught is not always going to be true, but can be an alternative approach to discovering the origins of the world

Health care using two basic models: Biosocial and biomedical. It uses marijuana as the main focus point in the discussion and has reference to some newspaper articles

1630 words - 7 pages There are two basic models that can be used to help outline health care. These models are biosocial and biomedical. I will examine and critique these two models through the use of mainstream newspaper articles. Many people have a wide range of opinions on this matter but the area I wish to examine is how the press represents health care issues in terms of these two models.The articles I have chosen for the biosocial model help portray what

Genetic Engineering: The Solution to Hunger and Disease

1591 words - 6 pages Genetic Engineering: The Solution to Hunger and Disease          In case you were not sure, we don’t live in a perfect world. Millions of people die every year. Two significant causes of death are hunger and disease (I am aware that there are more causes such as war and crime, but they are irrelevant to this essay). There are about 5.6 billion people on earth; all of whom need to eat. However, only a certain amount of food (less that

Bioterrorism: Using Disease to Inflict Fear and Gain Power

1883 words - 8 pages spread and how harsh of illness or death they cause. The three categories are Categories A, B and C with A being the highest risk and C being those “considered emerging threats for disease” (Bioterrorism Overview, 2007). Category A agents are high risk to not only the public but also national security. The agents are “easily spread or transmitted from person to person, result in high death rates and have the potential for major public health

Compare and Contrast the natural and social sciences in their philosophy and approach to research

1072 words - 5 pages , ideas and meanings constructed by the human being in a social contextual, reality. (Alan Bryman , 2008). The debate of the applicability of the natural sciences, philosophy and approach, to research by the social sciences has its roots in a traditional dispute by the positivist school of thought in contrast to the interpretivist one, that emerged as an alternative and as an opposing standing by various social researchers. It is pertinent to

Similar Essays

Holistic Approach To Nursing And Cultural Approach To Nursing

1980 words - 8 pages This paper will focus on the viewpoints of two influential nursing theorists, whom have helped to provide nurses and the public with insight on their understandings of each of the four concepts that make up the nursing metaparadigm. Through the exploration of both Roy's holistic approach to nursing and Leininger's cultural approach to nursing, I will be able to conclude my findings and produce a philosophy of nursing that is unique to my own

An Analytical Approach To Truth And Religion

6399 words - 26 pages An Analytical Approach to Truth and Religion ABSTRACT: I discuss some of the problems of the application of the notion of truth to religion. After introductory remarks on the problem called truth and religion to show the peculiarity and the actuality of the problem discussed, I examine the different meanings of the notions of truth and religion, in order to formulate some comments on the different concepts of the truth of religion. I name

Effects And Disease Related To Crt Monitors

1401 words - 6 pages Effects and Disease Related to CRT Monitors By: C.B. Rodgers, for The Paper Store - April 2001 VISIT www.paperwriters.com/aftersale.htm -- for more information on using this paper properly! Introduction As computers have become a common tool in virtually every enterprise, people have found that not all aspects of the safe, clean environment of working with computers is necessarily all that it’s cracked up to be. In fact

A More Responsible Approach To Animal Research, Testing, And Experimentation

1628 words - 7 pages It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable