Biomes Essay

542 words - 2 pages

Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, meaning treeless plain. It is noted for its frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, poor nutrients, and short growing seasons. Dead organic material functions as a nutrient pool. The two major nutrients are nitrogen and phosphorus. Nitrogen is created by biological fixation, and phosphorus is created by precipitation. Tundra is separated into two types: arctic tundra and alpine tundra.
The characteristics of the tundra are as follows:
1.     Extremely cold climate
2.     Low biotic diversity
3.     Simple vegetation structure
4.     Limitation of drainage
5.     Short season of growth and reproduction
6.     Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material
7.     Large population oscillations
Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the North Pole and extending south to the Coniferous forests of the Taiga. The arctic is known for its cold, desert-like conditions. The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days. The average winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is 3-12° C (37-54° F), which enables this biome to sustain life. Rainfall may vary in different regions of the arctic. Yearly precipitation, including melting snow, is 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 inches). Soil is formed slowly. A layer of permanently frozen subsoil called permafrost exists, consisting mostly of gravel and finer material. When water floods the upper surface, bogs and ponds may form, providing moisture for plants. There are no deep root systems in the vegetation of the arctic tundra; however, there are still a wide variety of plants that are able to resist the cold climate. There are about 1,700 kinds of plants in the arctic and sub arctic, and these include low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, and...

Find Another Essay On Biomes

The Importance of Biomes Essay

2706 words - 11 pages The importance of Biomes Biomes are the living spaces of life. They describe communities located across different regions across the world, looking at the interactions between climatic factors, living organisms, and substrates found in the environment. Generally, a biome refers to a community of similar organisms that are found in a particular climate zone. There are six biomes of earth found in three climate zones. The three climate zones are

Tropical Rainforest Biomes Essay

2040 words - 8 pages are extremely different compared to other biomes such as tundra, desert, alpine, savannah and taiga. Their rich vegetation, diversity of plants, animals, the moisture, the growth rate of the plants and climate make them so unique (SIL, 2014: para.4). In biomes such as a Desert where there is a battle for water, in rainforests, it is a battle for sunlight. Although, what makes tropical rainforests unique compared to temperate rainforests is the

Different Biomes of the world

3184 words - 13 pages , banded coral shrimp, scarlet cleaner shrimp are all organisms that help clean other organisms. In return they get a place to live. This is an example of mutualism. Mutualism is an association between organisms of two different species in which each member benefits.Comparisons of the ecological resilience and stability of three different biomes . . . Coral Reefs are probably the least stable out of all the biomes. So many things can

The Earth is Divided into Biomes

1366 words - 6 pages Introduction The earth is divided climatically and geographically into specific areas where there are similarities in communities of vegetation, organisms and animals. These ecosystems are often referred to as biomes. Differences in biomes usually consists of identifiable plant structures where there is a specific pattern of ecological activity. Biomes are also major types of habitats for different types of organisms and animals. The following

Molluscs to three different aquatic biomes

2294 words - 9 pages hermaphrodites.As mentioned the Molluscan group includes the most diverse groups of aquatic organisms, each of which has adapted to the specific conditions of the many different biomes present on the planet. Three of the biomes are going to be described below. That of deep sea and hydrothermal vents; Salt Marsh and Mangrove; and Littoral and Sublittoral.Deep Sea & Hydrothermal Vents:For marine biologists, true "deep-sea" species only appear below

Water Biomes

717 words - 3 pages Water BiomesMarshland is covered with grasses, reeds, sedges, and cattails. These plants all have theirroots in soil covered or saturated with water and its leaves held above water.Marshes maybe freshwater or salt. Freshwater marshes develop along the shallow edges of lakes andslow-moving rivers, forming when ponds and lakes become filled with sediment. Saltmarshes occur on coastal tidal flats. Inland salt marshes occupy the edges of lakes

Biomes - Rainforests

380 words - 2 pages a) The name of the Biome that I have chosen to do my assignment on is Rainforests. Rainforests are found mostly around the Equator, across South America, Central America, Africa, South East Asia, Australia and nearby islands.b) Rainforests are very dense, warm, wet forests. They are homes to millions of plants and animals. The types of animals that live in Rainforests are butterflies, beetles, spiders, ticks, worms, snakes, lizards, frogs, toads

Forest Biomes: Complex Ecologic Systems in the World

698 words - 3 pages There are various ways to classify biome, one of the common ways is grouping biomes into five major types: forest, grasslands, desert, aquatic, and tundra. Identifying a location in the world that is hard to live well and explain needs comparisons from multiple facets, for instance, geographic location, climate, and the food source. Forest biomes are the most complex ecologic systems in the world, and they cover 1/3 of the land on earth. There

The Desert Biome: One of the Most Interesting Biomes on Earth

1290 words - 6 pages The desert biome is one of the most interesting biomes on earth. An area of land is considered a desert when it produces less than 10 inches of rainfall throughout the year. There are many different types of deserts in the world, with a very diverse group of plants and animals. It has temperatures that are generally hot during the day, and cold at night. A desert is a region so arid due to little rainfall that it supports only sparse and

Explain what is meant by the biosphere and ecological diversity and give examples of some major biomes

2057 words - 8 pages have developed in response to similar conditions in widely separated locations. These major complexes of ecosystems determined by a particular set of climatic conditions and comprising of a different set of organisms are known as biomes.Terrestrial biomes are influenced by latitude, elevation and associated moisture and temperature regimes. Temperature and precipitation are amongst the most important factors that determines the biome distribution

Discuss the extent to which humans have had an impact on the environment - Penrith.High.School - Essay

589 words - 3 pages Discuss the extent to which human alterations to biomes have had an impact on the environment? Introduction – · Opening sentence : Human beings have continuously continued with interference of different biomes and thus bringing various modifications and impacts to these biomes. · Intro : The extent of human alterations to biomes vary from negative effects to the environment caused by agriculture to the adverse effects of deforestation on the

Similar Essays

Aquatic Biomes Essay

1741 words - 7 pages By definition, biomes are major regional groups of distinctive plant, and animal communities best adapted to the region's physical natural environment, latitude, altitude and terrain factors. A biome is also composed of communities at stable steady state and all associated transitional, disturbed, or degraded, vegetation, fauna and soils, but can often be identified by the climax vegetation type ("Biome" 1). This means there can be dozens of

Comparing Biomes Essay

775 words - 4 pages There are many types of biomes and there is also a good variety of ways to their classification. Rainforest, grassland, marine system, and freshwater system Grassland is mostly covered by grass. Moderately dry climate conditions and season disturbances, such as floods and fire are conductive to the growth of grasses and prohibitive of trees and shrubs. Grasslands are found in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. There are a couple of

Comparison Of Biomes Essay

878 words - 4 pages A biome is the collection of the ecosystems that are similar. Ecosystems that are part of one biome are similar in flora, fauna, and climate. Since different species of plants and animals have different adaptation of climate, plants and animals living in each biome are indicating the climate of their biome. There are four biomes in Canada. These biomes that exist in Canada are Tundra, Boreal Forests, Temperate Deciduous Forests, and Grasslands

Biomes Of The World Essay

2365 words - 9 pages A biome, also known as life zones, consists of all plants, animals, and other organisms, as well the physical environment in a particular area. A biome is characterized by its’ plant life, climate, and location. The climate and physical features determine the boundaries of a biome. A biome is made up of many different ecosystems. The ecosystems tend to have the same pants and animals as neighboring biomes around the boundaries. The major