In New Zealand scientists are warning that biosecurity is at risk with new trade deals. With allowing the new free trade agreements and all the tourism at the border, this is where the risk comes from. Figures have shown that little less then have of one of their major exported crops had been on the market before the disease it was carrying was reported. This will on average cost producers of the crop $200 a year to unsure that the crop is not infected (Morton). Biosecurity- especially in the food industry- is important to ensure that animals and food for human consumption will be healthy and safe.
Biosecurity is the set of practical measures that are taken to prevent the entrance of an ...view middle of the document...
It is also very important process of protecting the food supply for customers. This is the single most important component of the strategies that will implemented if foreign animal diseases come into country. Even though it is often over looked in day to day biosecurity systems it is extremely important to any production or farm ("Biosecurity of Pigs and Farm Security."). Vaccinations are used to prevent diseases so that they are not passed inside the production and from farm to farm ("Equine Biosecurity and Bio containment”).
Last is bio-management which is the combined effort to control diseases that are already present in the production or farms herd ("Biosecurity of Pigs and Farm Security."). This is done by reducing the presents of the disease in the production, by introducing the disease to the production to build immunity, controlling the time of infection, and reducing stress in the production ("Building Functional Biosecurity Plans.").
¬No matter the size of the operation it is important to control to movement of animals, people, and machinery that leaves and enters the operation, and also clean and disinfect as much as possible ("Biosecurity for Swine Producers.")¬¬¬.
Direct transmissions occurs when a susceptible animal comes in direct or close contact with an infected, contagious animal and is exposed to any body fluids that they could be exposed too. Direct transmission can also occur during reproduction and in utero ("Biosecurity for Swine Producers.").
Indirect transmission occurs when an animal come in contact with surfaces that have been infected by the contagious animal. For example a contaminated piece of equipment or vehicle. Fomites such as soil, feed or water’ insects or rodents, and pathogens that may be carried by humans on clothing, shoes and body are also indirect transmissions ("Biosecurity for Swine Producers.").
An animal’s immunity is its own ability to fight off of foreign pathogens or counteract the effects of toxins. Animals that are immune to certain diseases, their bodies have antibodies that attack and destroy the pathogen before the illness starts. Immunity may be: Natural- exists without exposure to a disease agent. Active- Acquired through vaccination or after the...