Imagine a terrorist without any guns or bombs. Would he or she be considered a real terrorist? The answer is yes; anyone who threatens or endangers the lives of others are terrorists, even those who utilize bacteria and viruses rather than other usual weapons. When people use biological weapons as terrorism, that act is called a bioterrorism. Unfortunately, this actions have been repeated throughout the history, as well as in modern days. They can in fact be far more dangerous than actual weapons.
Throughout the past, bioweapons have been used in wars. Such war strategies included throwing carcasses into the enemies' castles or forts, which caused terrible spread of diseases. As the world enters the modern age, these pathogens can be used more efficiently as a weapon. Countries such as United States, Russia, and Iraq are all participants in these dangerous competition of bioterrorism.
For United States, using biological weapons were primarily for defense from other countries. "Headquarters for research of bioweapons were established at Fort Detrick." (208) These research centers have been capable of increasing the hostility of a bacteria that causes anthrax. United States have also attempted creation of bubonic plague and tularemia bioweapons. U.S. scientists then became attentive on viral weapons, which are resistible to antibiotics. United States have grown viruses inside chick eggs as they need living cell to reproduce.
United States have no history of using bioweapons, but they once almost used them. They once planned to spray bacteria called Clostridium botulism during Cuban Missile Crisis, but they changed the plan to use a toxin called staphylococcal enterotoxin B and two germs of the name of encephalitis and a rickettsia as botulism was inhumanly deadly. The new mixture was only for illnesses, not for killings. However, the mission was canceled and president Nixon during later years stopped the use of bioterrorism in United States. As United States stopped the use of bioterrorism, other countries followed and promised to prohibit the use of these weapons. Ironically, United States broke the promise and built bioweapons for defense, wasting millions of dollars.
Another member in making of bioweapons is Russia. Russia's most preferred germ was Bacillus anthracis, which caused a deadly disease called anthrax. Russia also had made deadly progresses such as improving bubonic plague's resistance to vaccines and antibiotics, which can be an one deadly germ. They have also made a weapon out of smallpox, one of the deadliest diseases like botulism. Not only that, they also tried to develop bioweapons out of Marburg, a disease with no treatment. There development of weapons made of Legionnaires' disease bacteria, Ebola, tularemia contributed to the cause United States initially developed biological weapons. (215) However, after the fall of communism, bio-weaponry disappeared.
The final threatening producer of bioweapons in the world is...