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Bipolar And Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

1442 words - 6 pages

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks. The symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe and differ from the normal ups and downs that everyone experiences. The symptoms of Bipolar disorder can have serious consequences such as damaging relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. Bipolar disorder can be treated. People with this illness can lead full and productive lives. Bipolar disorder often develops in late teens or early adult years. The symptoms are not easy to spot when it starts so they may seem like separate problems and ...view middle of the document...

People with bipolar disorder also may be explosive and irritable during a mood episode. They will also suffer drastic changes of energy, activity, sleep, and behavior that often accompany these changes in moods. It is likely for someone with bipolar disorder to experience a long period of unstable moods rather than distinct episodes of depression or mania.
A person may be having an episode of bipolar disorder if he or she has a number of manic or depressive symptoms for most of the day on a daily basis for at least one or two weeks. Sometimes symptoms are so severe that the person cannot function normally at work, school, or home. In the following table (i.e. “table 1”) each level shows how on a scale these states of mood are determined as well as the short-lived grandiosity that we see in bipolar disorder.
Table 1

One side of the scale includes severe depression, moderate depression, and mild low mood. In the middle of the scale is normal or balanced mood. At the other end of the scale are hypomania and severe mania. Some people with bipolar experience hypomania APA (2000). During hypomanic episodes, he or she may have increased energy and activity levels that are not as severe as a typical mania, or he or she may have episodes that last less than a week and do not require emergency care. A person having a hypo manic episode may feel really good, and be highly productive, and function well. This person may not feel that anything is wrong even as family and friends recognize the mood swings as possible bipolar disorder. Without the right treatment, people with hypomania may develop severe mania or depression. Additional symptoms can occur during a mixed state such as agitation, trouble sleeping, major changes in eating habits, and suicidal thinking. People in a mixed state feel very sad or hopeless while feeling extremely energized.
Substance abuse is very common among people with bipolar disorder but the reason for this link is unknown. Some people with bipolar disorder may self medicate to treat their symptoms by abusing alcohol or drugs. However, substance abuse may trigger or prolong bipolar symptoms as well as the ability to be able to control problems connected with mania. This can result in a person drinking or using too much. Bipolar disorder also occurs with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which has some symptoms that overlap with bipolar disorder, such as restlessness and being easily distracted. There are also physical health issues for people with bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder are at higher risk for thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses. This leads to the slight differences between bipolar disorder and narcissistic personality disorder. As well as these reasons, a person with narcissistic personality disorder is many times misdiagnosed as having bipolar disorder. The reason is because they have many similar characteristics...

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