The human brain is a very complex system, much like a city it strives for order and efficiency. However a patient with Bipolar Disorder has a very chaotic type of brain function; causing changes in mood and sometimes suicidal thoughts
Bipolar Disorder is a common psychiatric mood disorder that is defined by recurrent episodes of abnormally elevated mood and depression, changes in energy and, the ability to carry out day to day tasks. (Joel, Jakosson and colleges) “Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a chronic disease with high risk of relapse. This disease also results in a high rate of suicidal mortality.” (Sabrina, Paterniti and Jean-Claude Bisserbe) Many studies show that this disorder is genetic therefore it runs in families, passing down from generation to generation. The closer you’re related to a person with bipolar the more likely you are to have BD.
There are two types of BD: Bipolar I and Bipolar II. “Bipolar I disorder is defined as being present if the person experiences one or more lifetime episodes of mania and usually episodes of depression. The severity and duration of episodes are often severe and may result in hospitalization.” (Black dog institute) “Bipolar II disorder is defined as being present if the person experiences episodes of both hypomania and depression but no manic episodes. The severity of the highs does not lead to hospitalization.” (Black dog institute)
Bipolar disorder may cause patients to become depressed, lose sleep and or their appetite. It may also cause them to feel worthless, guilt and, hopeless which may even lead to suicide if not treated correctly. “Over 121 million people worldwide are affected by BD. By the year 2020, depression is projected to reach second place ranking of the global burden of disease.” (Massimo, Cocchi and colleges)
Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder isn’t easy; it can be very difficult at times. This is because it’s a very complex illness that has many forms, and resembles symptoms of other illnesses and conditions. Also in some cases other illnesses may occur along side Bipolar Disorder. (Peacock, Judith)
A psychiatrist takes many steps in diagnosing Bipolar Disorder, starting with a physical exam too rule out any physical illnesses. They also check through the patient’s medical history, and finally have them take a physiological test. “Psychiatrists require the person to answer multiple-choice questions or explain the meanings of drawings and pictures. Responses to test items may reveal a lot about the person's behavior and moods. ”(Peacock, Judith) When diagnosing BD a psychiatrist also has to go off of experience and training, which is why many patients can go several years before being properly diagnosed. (Peacock, Judith)
Doctors don’t completely understand what causes BD, but experts believe that it is caused by unbalanced Neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemicals produced by the brain and they work in conjunction with hormones to carry out all of the...