Bipolar Disorder Essay

878 words - 4 pages

Bipolar Disorder Dukes PAGE 3Asia DukesDavid KumpBio1314DATE \@ "MMMM d, y" October 23, 2014Bipolar DisorderMood swings are considered a norm in teenagers and especially women. It is because mood swings are so common among these populations that Bipolar Disorder has been downplayed and under acknowledged for so long. Bipolar Disorder is a severe mood disorder. A diagnosis for Bipolar Disorder is made based upon the presence of mood swings. Mood swings is equivalent to periods of mania. Manic is a severe mood swing. Hypo-mania is a mild mood swing. Mania is described by irritability, agitation, restlessness, depression, and denoted by the amount of energy exerted. Typically the age of onset for bipolar disorder is late adolescents or early adulthood, however it can be triggered at any age. There are may risk factors that increase the chances of developing bipolar disorder outside of genetics including but not limited to; substance abuse, being young and major life changes. Comorbidity is the presence of one or more disorders in addition to the primary disorder. There is comorbidity between bipolar disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder.Symptoms:Bipolar I :At least one weeklong manic episodeMost recent episode may be manic, hypomanic, or depressedMixed or Depressive EpisodesGrandiosityDecreased need for sleepDistractibilityIncreased involvement in high risk activitiesIncrease in Goal directedBipolar II:One major Depressive EpisodeOne hypomanic episodeNo history of ManiaMost recent episode may be hypomanic or depressedThe episode is not severe enough to cause marked impairment in social or occupational functioningGrandiosityDecreased need for sleepDistractibilityBipolar I has a lifetime prevalence of 0.4 to 1.0 percent.It is no more common in males than females.Bipolar II has a higher lifetime prevalence of 0.6 to 1.1 percent.It is more common in the female population than the male population. There is no significant evidence that states that one particular race is more likely than others to develop any form of bipolar disorder. However there may be a linkage between lower socioeconomic status and a higher rate of bipolar disorder.The heritability of bipolar disorder is high. According to studies that were completed on multiple sets of both identical and fraternal twins there was a seventy-two percent rate of development for identical twins and a fourteen percent rate for fraternal twins. If that is not enough to prove the gentic link, those with a parent who is bipolar disorder, have a fifteen to twenty five percent chance of being diagnosed with it as well. Based on this evidence it can be stated that the genetic link is strong.As of today there is no exact pinpoint, such as a...

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