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Bipolar Disorder Essay

2058 words - 9 pages

People know that there are many different types of illnesses in the world. Some of these illnesses can have a major impact on a person’s life. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depressive disorder, is a misconceived mental illness that can be dangerous if not treated correctly. A lot of people believe that being bipolar is a choice, but don’t realize that it is actually a disorder of the brain. There are many parts of learning about bipolar disorder, such as; what it is, the types of bipolar, what can cause it, the symptoms and signs, diagnoses, treatments, and how to live with the illness. Leaning as much about it and the treatments for it, can make living with this disorder, more ...view middle of the document...

(Adkins)
Mentioned above was that bipolar disorder is a brain disorder causes shifts in moods, energy, activity levels and the ability to handle everyday life. Now what causes someone to have these different episodes? There isn’t just one cause. Research shows a few different causes, such as neurotransmitter imbalances, abnormal thyroid function, circadian rhythm disturbances, and high levels of the stress hormone cortisol. (Smith, Segal) Neurotransmitter are what help the body function regularly, not only with mood and hormone levels, but also sleep. One of the cause is neurotransmitter imbalance is when one of your levels is not normal, such as; problems with alcohol or drug addictions. Another cause can be abnormal thyroid function can cause anxiety and mood disorders these will vary depending ones abuse of certain substances as well as medications. Circadian rhythm is a group of sleeping disorders, these disorders cause people to not sleep and wake up to attend their normal work, school, and social functions. Having a high level of cortisol could cause anxiety, depression, and sleeping problems. (Atkins)
Along with the causes due to the physical changes, there are also environmental factors that can cause bipolar disorder or worsen episodes. These factors include stress, the stresses of everyday life whether it be getting married, getting fired from your job, or even having to move, can cause a person having the family genetics for this disorder, obtain it. Substance abuse, even though the abuse of certain substances most likely will not cause someone to become bipolar, can make this disorder worse for a person, or cause them to enter specific episodes such as a manic episode. Another cause for manic episodes includes medications such as antidepressants or even over the counter medications. Lastly, we have the different seasons. The episodes manic and depression episodes come and change based on the different seasons. Summer will usually cause manic episodes and fall, spring, and winter usually bring on depression. (Smith, Segal)
Signs and symptoms for this specific disorder are different depending which one of the four mood episodes a person is having. These four episodes include, mania, hypomania, depression, and mixed. First off there is mania, this can be a more severe episode. The signs for this include; feeling overly confident or high, being unrealistic or feeling like they have special powers or abilities, having an extreme amount of energy even with little sleep, racing thoughts, not being able to concentrate, acting reckless, having bad judgment, and lastly hallucinating. Hypomania, is a milder episode of mania that just seems like the person is in an extremely good mood. A person having this type of episode can still live their everyday lives, but it can also cause them to make bad decisions which could cause problems in relationships, or even the loss of a job. The third type of episode includes depression. ...

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