Birmingham 1963 Essay

1474 words - 6 pages

In April and May of 1963, Birmingham, Alabama was a focal point for the civil rights movement. Birmingham was home to one of the most violent cells of the KKK and violence against black people was so commonplace (especially in the form of explosives) that it was referred to as “Bombingham.” It was these conditions that lead Martin Luther King to arrive and organize a series of non-violent protests in the city. These protests were relatively low key and weren’t very well attended. This was due to the fact that political rivalries between King’s organization, the SCLC, and other civil right’s organizations like CORE and the NAACP. However, the Birmingham protests soon became headlines due to the response of the city’s police commissioner, Eugene “Bull” Conner, to the protests. Seeing any kind of black protest as a threat to his rule, Conner sent out police and firemen to subdue the non-violent protests. Soon enough scenes such as German Shepherds attacking black men and firemen hosing down protesters with high-pressure hoses became emblazoned across the country’s newspapers. Martin Luther King had also been arrested for his role in the protests (his 13th time) and while in jail, wrote his well know “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” in response to another letter published by eight white Alabama clergymen (An Appeal for Law and Order and Common Sense). This letter written by King went on to be published in national newspapers and circulated through various churches in pamphlet form.

Another important event that happened in September of 1963 was the bombing of the 16th street Baptist Church. In the explosion, four little girls were killed. (Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Rosamond Robertson and Addie Mae Collins) Four men had committed the bombing in an attempt to slow down the civil rights movement in Birmingham. These four men were Robert Chamblis, Thomas Blanton Jr., Bobby Frank Cherry, and Herman Frank Cash. However, even though there was evidence pointing to these four men as the perpetrator, the FBI, led by J. Edgar Hoover at the time, dragged its feet in the investigation and held evidence back. This was due to the fact that Hoover wasn’t fond of Martin Luther King and some circles say that he personally believed the bombing to have been committed by people interested in gaining sympathy for the civil rights cause. Whatever the case may be, it wasn’t until 1977 that a conviction could be obtained for just one of the men accused of the bombing. The bombing itself had the effect of uniting all of the civil rights organizations in the South and also giving a face, four faces to be precise, to the rest of the nation as a kind of message about the evils of racism.

The two articles to be analyzed for discrepancies is an article from the United Press and Birmingham World. Both cover the Church Bombing on September 15, 1963 and the events immediately after. The first major difference in the two articles is that the United...

Find Another Essay On Birmingham 1963

The Birmingham Campaign Essay

1720 words - 7 pages causing mass arrests. When the campaign began to lose adults, it started training children and young adults to protest, which led to the famous Children’s Crusade. On May 2, 1963, more than a thousand students lead demonstrations in downtown Birmingham. This resulted in over 600 kids being arrested, some being as young as eight and by the end of the day; a total of 1,200 protestors had been put in the 900 capacity jail. As the city jail became

The Effects of the Birmingham Campaign on Segregation in America

2065 words - 8 pages the roles played by African Americans and the issue of race in Birmingham, Alabama and the United States. In 1963, throughout the world, history was commonly looked on upon as affected solely by adults. However, as shown in the Birmingham Civil Rights movement, children and young adults play a large role in the forming of a different future. Because of the single-minded idea that history is affected solely by adult figures, the Children’s Crusade

An Analysis of Letter from a Birmingham Jail

1233 words - 5 pages Letter from a Birmingham Jail was written by Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. in April of 1963, as he sat, as the title states, in a Birmingham, Alabama jail. King had been jailed for his participation in a peaceful protest of segregation in public places such as lunch counters and public restrooms (Berkley, 2003). While jailed, King read a criticism of the protest by a group of white ministers, who felt such demonstrations “directed

Analysis of Martin Luther King's

1208 words - 5 pages , Junior., in the year 1963 acknowledged Birmingham, Alabama, as "possibly the most carefully segregated city in the United States". His decision to make Birmingham the next battlefield on which to implement his nonviolent civil disobedience strategy brought him condemnation and criticism from fellow clergymen, friends and enemies, black and white. Alabama, they argued, under the leadership of the new governor, Albert Boutwell, would be taking giant

Letter from Birmingham Jail

600 words - 2 pages The "Letter from Birmingham Jail" as a speech to the white Americans.Martin Luther King wrote his "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in 1963, while being arrested for non-permitted parading in a protest against racial segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. In the letter, the biggest amount of criticism was addressed to the fellow clergymen and the Church that did not perceive the issue as an urgent one. I believe that one of the most significant issues

In support of Nonviolent protests - LSC English 1301 - Esssay

537 words - 3 pages American tradition and value. As early as 1849, Henry Thoreau wrote “Civil Disobedience” and later, in 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Both men called for direct action against injustice in their writings and are a proof that Americans have believed in the importance of nonviolent protests for generations. Currently, people still feel the value of nonviolent protests and execute them as a way of self-defense. For

1963: The Hope that Stemmed from the Fight for Equality

1814 words - 7 pages circumstances occurred in Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York, Detroit, St. Louis, Chicago, Boston, and more. The Negroes hard work paid off as opportunities for equality began slowly opening up. In Birmingham, Alabama black and white leaders came to an agreement on May 8, 1963. The demonstrations were to cease while peace talks were in effect. On May 9th, Negroes were granted three of their requests for equality. A couple of stores in downtown

Rhetorical Analysis

825 words - 4 pages The Letter from Birmingham Jail was written by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in April of 1963. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of several civil rights activists who were arrested in Birmingham Alabama, after protesting against racial injustices in Alabama. Dr. King wrote this letter in response to a statement titled A Call for Unity, which was published on Good Friday by eight of his fellow clergymen from Alabama. Dr. King uses his letter to

Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail"

955 words - 4 pages "Letter from Birmingham" Lina Sandoval Birmingham 1963 Martin Luther King Jr., is one of the most recognized, if not the greatest civil rights activist in this century. He has written papers and given speeches on the civil rights movement, but one piece stands out as one of his best writings. Letter from Birmingham was an intriguing letter written by King in jail in the city of Birmingham, Alabama. He was responding to a letter which was written

What happened to blacks during the Civil Rights Movement?

1417 words - 6 pages Carson,When the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) mounted its campaign of mass protests in Birmingham, AL, in April and May 1963, the core of the movement's support came from the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR). Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth, one of King's cofounders of the SCLC, led this organization."They could outlaw an organization, but they couldn't outlaw the movement of a people determined to be free

Kings Esaay

969 words - 4 pages Lincoln Memorial on August 28, 1963. This speech was written to inspire people to look beyond themselves and also demanded the country unity focusing on equality for all without focusing on the color of their skin; King also wanted the people to take a stand in a nonviolence manner. The Letter from Birmingham Jail and I Have a Dream, have many similarities and differences between the two pieces. There are many similarities between I

Similar Essays

The Watsons Go To Birmingham 1963

628 words - 3 pages hiding behind the couch hoping his problems would go away, Byron tried many ways to get him out of behind the couch. Bryon also started sleeping out on the couch to spend time with Kenny.You should be thinking Byron is a good brother by now. If you still think Byron is a bad brother you should read the book if you haven't already because there are many other things he does that makes him a good brother. Even if you do think Byron is a good brother, you should still read the book, it is a great book.Bibliography: The Wastsons Go to Birmingham - 1963, published 1995

Comparing The Watsons Go To Birmingham 1963 And My Brother Sam Is Dead

726 words - 3 pages Comparing The Watsons Go to Birmingham-1963 and My Brother Sam Is Dead In the novels The Watsons Go to Birmingham-1963 by Christopher Paul Curtis and My Brother Sam Is Dead by James Lincoln Collier and Christopher Collier, two young boys are faced with the challenge of learning the moral and ethical codes that will shape their futures. Kenny Watson and Tim Meeker live in very different times, but they face events that complicate their

The Watsons Go To Birmingham 1963

435 words - 2 pages The Watsons Go To Birmingham - 1963This story is narrated by Kenny Watson. Throughout the story he talks about the troubles that go on during the school year with him and his brother and his brother's friends. His father and mother are very good to him and his family and have no problems throughout the story between them.The story starts out with Kenny starting 4th grade and Byron, his brother starting 5th grade. Byron was the biggest kids in

Risking It All For The Things We Long For... A Compare/Contrast Essay On Thomas Merton And Langston Hughes And Their Works Regarding The Birmingham Bombings Of 1963

1415 words - 6 pages great expanses of the globe as a personal solitude from their earlier hardships. In "Birmingham Sunday", Hughes begins right away by using great amounts of shock value to give his poem as much impact as possible. Using realistic and gruesome scenes of the bombing, post event, is the prevalent topic repeatedly used by Hughes in the majority of his poem. The line that is showed consistently is "Their blood upon the wall" (5). This line is a major