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Birth Defect: Cerebral Palsy Essay

1205 words - 5 pages

Imagine the pain parents feel after getting the bad news that there child is affected by a birth defect. Many parents have to go through this situation in which is not an easy roller-coaster to be on. Many different birth defects are out there in the world and some are more dangerous than others. Studies today prove that birth defects affect 1 in 33 babies every year and cause 1 in 5 infant’s deaths. (National Center on Birth Defects) According to the American Heritage Dictionary, birth defect is a physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth especially as a result of faulty development, infection, or injury. (Harcourt) One out of the many birth defects in the world is Cerebral Palsy.
To begin, the birth defect Cerebral Palsy is a condition marked by impaired muscle coordination and disabilities typically caused by damage to the brain before or at birth. (Harcourt) This defect commonly occurs in the uterus area while the baby’s mother is still pregnant, it can also occur a month after the baby has been born. Premature, low in birth weight or multiple birth children are the ones to usually be born with the birth defect Cerebral Palsy. Boys are more known to be born with Cerebral Palsy than girls are. In the U.S, for every 100 girls with this birth defect there are 135 boys. This birth defect may be found as the child commences to grow and goes through the symptoms, but an earlier sign of it usually appears before a child reaches the age of three.
Next, Cerebral Palsy comes with a lot of symptoms that children go through as they continue to grow. Some of the symptoms include: having difficulty controlling the weight of the head while trying to pick it up, having stiff legs that cross, not being able to sit by their self, abnormal muscle tone, unusual posture and even not being able to walk. One of the main signs that a child may have is a delay reaching the motor or movement milestones. (National Center on Birth Defects) Cerebral Palsy is often caused by radiation, low oxygen levels, or infections while the child is still in the mother’s uterus or being born. Doctors have stated that there is no identifiable gene pattern that has been laid out for this birth defect. Since this was confirmed doctors believe that Cerebral Palsy is not classified as a genetic disease, but they are not a hundred percent on it. This birth defect has affected the child’s life from being as normal as any other kid out there in the world, but manly it has affected their families. Their families have to be more careful with their child then every before. Having to come together to support, solve their overall problems and help with treatments and therapy. Families have to spend a big amount of their time and money towards the child. Sometimes these kinds of problems can affect the relationship of the parents and siblings; causing fights, divorces and hiding in the wrong paths.
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