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Birth Injury And Birth Trauma In Newborns

738 words - 3 pages

Birth injuries or birth trauma is the damage of tissues or organs during or shortly after childbirth. This includes any damage that is long term including brain and cranium injuries. Injuries at birth can often times be a result of doctor or nurse error. Trained professionals that are caring for you and the baby during and after the birth must watch out for any signs that could result in a birth injury. Sadly, reports indicate that about 40 babies per day are born with a birth injury. Males have a higher rate of birth injury than females. Roughly 27 of every 1,000 live births result in a birth injury each year. Birth defects can also happen if the mother is exposed to chemicals, disease or toxins in the air. Non-profit hospitals also have a higher rate of birth injuries then for profit hospitals. Causes of birth injuries include cephalo-pelvic disproportion, quick delivery, delayed or prolonged delivery, abnormal birth position, obstetric turn, speeding up the birth, stimulating the birth process, misdiagnosis, failing to test or treat a condition during pregnancy, not detecting the umbilical cord around the baby’s neck, delaying an emergency C-section and forceps and vacuum extraction. Common birth injuries include”

• Brachial Plexus Injuries – damage to the upper spine and goes through the neck, shoulder, arm and hand. This can be minor to severe nerve damage, the most severe us when it results in complete paralysis

• Bone Fractures – a difficult delivery can sometimes cause newborns to be born with broken bones, the most common being a broken clavicle

• Cephalohematoma - a collection of blood below the covering of a portion of the skull bone

• Perinatal Asphyxia – when the newborn doesn’t receive enough oxygen, this can cause delayed breathing, pale complexion, coma, shock and seizures

• Caput Succedaneum – swelling of the scalp or a portion of the scalp. This can happen during delivery as a result of too much pressure through the birth canal

• Intracranial Hemorrhage – bleeding in the skull under the two innermost layers of the brain covering

• Subconjunctival Hemorrhage – bruising of a blood vessel in the eye that creates a red area on the eye

• Facial Paralysis – when the facial...

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