The Exploration of Birth Models
The Citizens of America do not realize the freedoms they have in the birthing process. Instead of knowing all the paths women can choose from in the United States most believe the only option is in the hospital. It is not common knowledge that the midwife can be the best choice for most healthy able women bearing children. This circumstance is reinforced by more than one factor. Historically, midwives have been exiled by the medical elite during the turn of the twentieth century. Another aspect that can be taken into account is that the birthing process is generational, meaning the tradition is passed down through the mother to her own daughter. These two factors play a major role in continuing the popular birthing norms of America. These reasons cause most people to lose interest when advocates of midwives try to convey their message. Through the examination of American birth models, the focus will be on the following: the historical context of the midwife up to modern day assumptions, the comparison and contrast of American practices in relation to the other countries of the world, and the financial break down and services a mother would receive in from an OB/GYN versus a midwife. These three factors will be used to fully exemplify the importance and necessity a midwife has on a birth, advocate for the knowledge of midwifery to the common public, and call for more American women to take advantage of such a powerful opportunity by educating themselves on what options they have when they become pregnant
It is wrong to assume that the stigmas that exist around the practicing methods of midwifes today are products of the past. A lot of information in today’s society is recent and biased against the movement of midwives. For example, in a 2010 news report of a woman who lived in Kingwood developed a serious mega bug [Strep A] and linked that with her birthing method. The report was headlined with the following title, “Kingwood mother has all four limbs amputated after a home birth” (Woodward, 2010). by titling the story like this one would assume that having a home birth with a midwife will cause you to lose your limbs. This distortion of the truth further perpetuates the negative platform Americans have towards a birth model that deviates from the societal norm.
The negative history, however, surrounding midwifery started long before these modern day news reels hit the public. In the article, “Exorcising the Midwife,” written by Barbara Enrenreich and Dierdre English, they give a through explanation on the historical evidence leading to the expulsion of the midwife birth model. As early as 1900 midwives were considered, “the last problem” that needed to be solved by the new knowledge coming from the medical evolution (Enrenreich and English, 1978). This was the beginning of the attack against the women who have been helping mothers give birth to their children sense the dawn of time. Words like, “ignorant,”...