Bismark Essay

717 words - 3 pages

Birth Defects of Weimar Republic
1. The new republic would always be associated with defeat as it was left to sign the armistice on 11 Nov 1918 after the "Revolution from Above" when the army high command and the Kaiser melted away and absolved themselves of blame.
2. The new government was accused by the German people of the "Stab in the Back". This legend claimed that the German army was not defeated in the field but by the "November Criminals": politicians, socialists, jews and pacifists in Germany. This myth was unwittingly fuelled by Ebert, the first Socialist Chancellor, welcoming the Germany armies back "unvanquished"
3. The Communists uprisings in Germany at the end of the war - the "Revolution from Below" forced the Socialist government into a pact with the right-wing Freikorps and army leaders to stay in power. This would legitimise and arm these conservative forces and make the government reliant on them.
Political Problems of Weimar 1. In early 1919 the government became further discredited in the eyes of the German people by accepting the disgraceful and humiliating Treaty of Versailles - the terms of which were to cripple the republic throughout the 1920s
2. The German people were not used to democratic government - they preferred the strong dictatorial type leadership of Bismarck or the Kaiser. They equated democracy with defeat and weakness. The Fascist Italian government of Mussolini looked strong compared to Weimar 3. The new republic was entirely dependant on right-wing military forces for its survival, forces which were seeking to destroy it eventually
4. Persistent problem of left-wing (Sparticists/Communists, 1919) and right- wing (Kapp Putsch, 1920; Nazi Munich Beer Hall Putsch, 1923) attempts at revolution - breakdown of law and order.
5. Serious divisions among the left- wing parties: SPD, USPD and KPD meant that they did not unite to provide an effective opposition to the Nazis. The Communists even colluded with the Nazis to destabilise the government for their own ends.
6. The republic never had a strong leadership figure. Stresemann came closest, but only in foreign policy - he had no cure for domestic problems...

Find Another Essay On Bismark

WOrld War 1 Overview Essay

905 words - 4 pages passenger ship that was sunk by the Germans that was carrying 128 U.S. citizens Archduke Franz Ferdinand- A-H king who was assassinated by Black Hand in Serbia Gavrilo Princip- Member of Black Hand who assassinated Franz at point blank range Franz Joseph- Austrian Emperor at the outbreak of the war Otto von Bismark- Prussian emperor + creator of weak alliance systems that were destroyed by Kaiser Wilhelm II Ferdinand Foch- a French Marshal who

This paper clearly explains the causes of World War I.

631 words - 3 pages isolated France, Bismarck formed the Three Emperor's League in 1872, an alliance between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. When the French occupied Tunisia, Bismark took advantage of Italian resentment towards France and created the Triple Alliance between Germany Italy and Austria in 1882. In exchange for Italy's agreement to stay neutral if war broke out between Austria and Russia, Germany and Austria would protect Italy from France. Russia and Austria grew suspicious of each other over conflicts in the Balkans in 1887, but Bismarck repaired the damage to his alliances with Reinsurance Treaty with Russia, allowing both powers to stay neutral if the other was at war.

Assess the causes of the First World War

1168 words - 5 pages the European system which had unfolded as a result of the short term crisis.Dugdale believes that the foreign policy of the new Germany, dominated by Otto von Bismark, the first chancellor of Germany from 1871 to 1890, was designed to reassure Europe that Germany was a ‘satisfied’ power, with no intentions of disrupting the delicate European balance of power. George further explains that in 1872, the ‘League of the Three Emperors

Conventional and Nazi Antisemitism

1701 words - 7 pages ethnicity of their homeland. They believed that if the Jews were treated poorly enough then they would want to leave on their own. In 1880-1881, the German Antisemite’s Petition was given to chancellor Otto von Bismark. It had a quarter of a million signatures and it stated that there should be restrictions placed on Jews for government jobs, judiciary, and higher education. However, Bismark did not allow it to be passed. Even French painter Auguste


1615 words - 7 pages natural resources. Essay #3 What decisions were made at the Congress of Vienna and how did these decisions and the unification of Germany and Italy eventually lead to WWI? Because of Napoleon’s attempts to conquer Europe, Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia came together for a peace conference called the Congress of Vienna which was made to prevent an world wide war within Europe itself. Chancellor Otto van Bismark wrote points and

The Origins of the Great War

951 words - 4 pages . In this fight with France and Britain the term militarism became an evident cause to the break out of World War I. Militarism proved to be notoriously distinguished as an arms race. After the resignation of Bismark, the successor William II used the success of nationalistic Germany to generate a race against France and Britain simultaneously, on land and sea. Each country got more and more powerful from their profits which resulted in them

The Tsarist System of Government of Russia

1392 words - 6 pages compelled to consider relinquishing a sizeable proportion of his power to the populace, but died before being able to implement these ideas. This was as a direct result of Alexander having the aforementioned realisation. Secondly, war has the inevitable effects on the populace. Unlike Bismark, the Tsars did not have the political clout necessary to ensure that a war was properly prepared for. Subsequently, the long drawn

Nothing short of war could have any effect on the Russian system of government." How accurate is this view of the Tsarist system of government from 1800 to 1917?

1155 words - 5 pages direct result of Alexander having the aforementioned realisation.Secondly, war has the inevitable effects on the populace. Unlike Bismark, the Tsars did not have the political clout necessary to ensure that a war was properly prepared for. Subsequently, the long drawn out wars slowly demoralised the Russian people and resulted in discontent. Aside from destroying any pride they had in the "system", they were subjected to witnessing the death of

How the fall of the Weimar Republic led to the Nazi Party gaining power by MUNDEAZY

1094 words - 4 pages Republic is what happened after it. Germany's history is one of great, powerful armies and rich culture under a strong authoritarian rule. The people of Germany were used to powerful leaders like Otto von Bismark, who in the late 1860s used Prussia's military and economic might to defeat surrounding countries and unite Germany. This explains the German people's attraction to Hitler, a powerful, charismatic and ambitious man who signaled a chance to

Germany's Treaties And Judicial History

4486 words - 18 pages , five Balkan states were fed up with the Turkish authority. Russia defeated Turkey because they supported the Balkan states. On March 18, 1878, an unconstrained Bulgaria was created when Turkey was forced to sign the Treaty of San Stefano (Kent 111). Austria intervened and was backed by Britain because they new Bulgaria would be in Russia's control (Eyck 112).Bismark volunteered to be a mediator and called on the Congress of Berlin to settle the

The Unification of Germany

1365 words - 5 pages , another threat to the power of the absolute monarchs of Germany and as such was another reason for them to unify under the more powerful Prussia to ensure a strong German state that could crush any such ‘uprising’.           William I was an important figure as he was the Prussian King and the person Bismark intended to rule the united Germany. He was a strong absolutist monarch and despised all those desiring liberal reforms. He came to power

Similar Essays

Bismark Essay

1253 words - 5 pages own opinions or interests into the book. The author left it up to facts to prove his own feelings, and did not mettle with history in order to preserve his own feelings. He showed Bismarck as a great, but not perfect man. In closing, I would recommend this book to anyone with a strong interest in Germany, and someone who wanted to know more about the man who helped create it. Bismark Copyright 1976 by Alan Palmer Copyright under the Berne Convention Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York

Napoleon Bonaparte Vs. Otto Von Bismark

703 words - 3 pages Emperor of the French" Lucid Interactive Article August, 1995 Hoffman, J.H. "Bismark, Otto von" 30 May, 1998 Kishlansky, Mark, Geary, Patrick, and O'Brien, Patricia. Civilization in the West. Addison-Weasley Educational Publishers Inc., 2003

The Unification Of Germany Between 1863 And 1871

1155 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871 On the 18th January 1871, Wilhelm 1 was proclaimed Emperor of a united Germany. The unification of Germany was, like all historical events, multi- causal, the most influential reasons being the Bismark's cynical and unscrupulous diplomacy, military superiority of Prussia and economic power, and lastly, popular nationalist sentiment. Bismark seems to be the most

Nationalism Dbq Essay

629 words - 3 pages called for a greater commitment in an attempt to weed out hypocrisy. He uses the metaphor, "Let him who loves his country in his heart, and not with his lips only, follow me." (Document 4)In the 1800's, German was spoken all through Prussia, the western half of the Austrian Empire, and many small states. There was much conflict in uniting the German states, including religious conflict. Otto von Bismark was a nationalist who lived during this time