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Black Blizzards Essay

1645 words - 7 pages

Imagine huge gusts of wind, tornadoes carrying dust throughout millions of acres and destroying everything in its path. Black blizzards destroying anything that lay in front of it, ranging from minor to major whirlwinds of particles that would reach every crevice of every house, person, and land. The dust would either be black, red, or grey. The Dust Bowl, an event that is known most prominently during the dirty thirty’s (1931-1939) to have brought on hardships, destruction, and sickness on all those within the American Southern Plains . During this time many families were farming on the land and trying to get through the Great Depression. The Dust Bowl enhanced the poverty and problems of ...view middle of the document...

” It was an agricultural utopia and many thought that the plowing of digging up of dirt would increase rainfall. This belief or hope in rain, and demand for wheat gave farmers some optimism that they would be able to make profit, boost the economy, and provide for their families. The government would also be pleased because their methods to improve the economy could possibly work.
In the beginning the farmers and their families were well, and crops steadily supported many of the farmers as wheat continued to be in high demand. Farmers were increasing their acreage, and could harvest more crops. In Kansas, acres of wheat ranged from 60,972 acres to 196,242 acres in six counties from 1929-1931. Farmers were thriving for some time, and moisture from some rain or snow allowed wheat to grow. Even before the 1930s, “sod-busters” were twisting and turning the land for as much as it could give. Bonnifield writes, “During the 1920s and early 1930s, the heartland of the dust bowl, as part of the Great Plains, had become a highly successful producer of wheat.” The five-state area also attracted suitcase farmers who thought that they could also make profit from the demand for crops. Despite wise council from farm leaders, some were selfish, greedy, and wanted quick wealth regardless of its risks.
When the Dust Bowl first began, small dust storms came in and would destroy the acres of crops that many farmers had. The crops would be replaced, and again the dust storms would destroy them. Farmers were constantly working the land, and little did they know that by doing so the dust storms would only get worse. The dust storms did in fact become worse, they were bigger, lasted longer, and would appear more often. The dust was not only affecting the crops, but also the farmers and their families. Dust entered their houses, ruined their cars, and spoiled their food. Making profit from their crops became more difficult because there was no little or no crops to sell. Living in the Southern Plains became harder, especially since the entire country was in a depression. Those living in Southern Plains often experienced poverty, stress, and loss. The government’s hopes in boosting the economy, were soon diminished by the Dust Bowl, and the storms were only going to get worse.
As the Dust Bowl became worse, suitcase farmers would abandon their farms as their only intention for it was to profit. Some suitcase farmers participated in absentee farming and did not have to physically deal with the consequences of the dust bowl and drought. Constant plow up, and backbreaking work in the Southern Plains for more production of wheat was supposed to lead these farmers to more prosperity. These Southern Plain farmers, as well as the environment did the opposite. As more changes occurred through the constant labor of the farmers, the land was changing as well.
The weather and the environment responded to the humans’ harvest and production of the land, first positively and...

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