Black Education In New York City During The 1830s

3700 words - 15 pages

Missing Works Cited
Black Education in New York City during the 1830s

An 1831 editorial in The Liberator made the perceptive observation that “a line, almost impassable, [was] drawn between the two races.”One might say that the “problem of the color line” had actually been identified over seventy years before W. E. B. Du Bois diagnosed it in 1903.The same editorial continued, “by law, or by custom, in much . . . of the country, [blacks] are in a great measure deprived of the lessons of education.In most . . . states they cannot vote, or be chosen to office.If aliens, they cannot be naturalized. . . . [Blacks] cannot mingle in society with . . . whites.”[i]Blacks were treated as second-class citizens.However, by the early 1830s northern blacks were deciding, whether it was in Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, or New York City, to actively challenge the racism within American society institutionally and lay claim to all the privileges of American citizenship.Various factors made the 1830s the decade when blacks would organize around education in an attempt to redraw the parameters of American citizenship.Among these were: emancipation in New York State in 1827, the founding of African American newspapers, abolition, and a strong commitment to the ideals of the Declaration of Independence and the U. S. Constitution.

The emergence of a more militant abolitionist movement early in the decade refocused the northern antislavery struggle on the desire for immediate abolition and enlarged the arena for blacks to participate in civil society.However, in addition to participating in white antislavery organizations, such as William Lloyd Garrison’s American Anti-Slavery Society, black leaders advanced their own case for abolition through independent educational efforts.They knew that the main argument against ending slavery and making blacks full citizens, besides the belief that the United States was—and should remain—“a white man’s country,” was that African Americans were “unprepared” to be citizens.By acquiring as much education possible, community leaders contended that blacks would demonstrate their true mental capacity and shed the degradation of enslavement.Educated blacks would be living testimonies for the judiciousness of abolition, morality, and full citizenship for all men.As the nation was grappling with questions of democracy; who should vote, and who should not, free blacks in northern cities were organizing in order to strengthen their “citizenship resume,” in a manner of speaking.Sensing an opportunity to establish a stronger foothold in civil society, black Americans established primary and secondary schools, literary societies, debating clubs, and libraries.

Even though many of the societies were short lived and their educational activities even more brief, collectively they represented a movement among free blacks, unprecedented to that time, to better their lives and achieve a more complete freedom[ii] through education.While...

Find Another Essay On Black Education in New York City during the 1830s

New York City Essay

1719 words - 7 pages was like my husband and I were part of a movie, because everything was so perfect during our walk. On the way I got to see so many awesome things during our walk. The many hotdog venders, awesome hotel buildings, and a historical church were part of my husband's tour of the city. The church itself was in fact the most beautiful part of our trip to New York. The rain had started to come down hard again, so we stopped at this church. My husband

New York City Adventure Essay

606 words - 2 pages The New York City Adventure         What city do you think of when you hear of a population of over seven million? If you were thinking New York City you were right. It will take a half an hour to get there and we will take a limo. We will stay for four nights. There will be five people in the group, me, my mom, my dad, my sister and my friend Jeff. We will be traveling on my birthday July fourth.         The New York City’s

Carribean immigrants in New York City

1815 words - 7 pages encountered many forms of racism. "During this time, it was difficult for black college graduates to obtain employment comparable to their education" (Shirley Chisholm). She rose above all that and became the first African American woman elected to Congress. Shirley was raised at a time when racism was big in New York. She received a good education from schools in Barbados where her mother originated from. Being the child of Caribbean parents

New York City

441 words - 2 pages New York city, It seems so far away. Especially for someone like me who has basically grown up in Louisville Kentucky their whole life. This is my home this is where everything I know is, I hate to even think of stepping out of my comfort zone and living on my own. Its so scary to think of leaving my friends and family to go to college. My mom is crazy, she acts like she wants me gone, she says it will be good for me(IM thinking, it will be good

Race and Homelessness in New York City

1226 words - 5 pages % are Hispanic, 22% are black, and 12.6% are Asian and 3.5% others. Looking at the homeless population, an annual survey of homelessness in New York City has found a 23% increase in the number of people living on the streets. NY Homeless Coalition reported that amongst those who live in shelters or transitional houses 53% of New York City homeless are African-Americans but yet they make up only 22% of the population (Refer to Fig. 1). The rest

Air Pollution in New York City

945 words - 4 pages . The DEC (Environmental Conservation Department) is the state bureau, which perform both the federal and state air pollution monitoring and control programs. The issue of air pollution in New York City is widespread. The air pollutants stem from numerous human activities. A majority of the pollutants originates from industries, which manufacture chemical goods, from power equipment and off- and on- road vehicles, and from facilities of energy

The New York City Subway System

1112 words - 4 pages The New York City Subway System, or the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), has become the “life line” of New York City (NYC) since people are reliant on the subway system for commuting to different places within the city. One such person, who buys this fact, is a person by the name of SunDo K, who runs and owns a restaurant business in Cypress, California. He claimed in his profile on Yelp that, “One of the best part about New York

New York City Draft Riots

1844 words - 7 pages On July 11th eighteen sixty-three, America began the first nationwide military draft in order to fill the washed-out ranks of the Union Army. While many people in the country opposed the draft, it ran smooth, rebellion free in nearly every city; all except New York. The people of New York, in particularly Irish immigrants, felt the Conscription Act of 1863 was unconstitutional, and that a revolt was indeed necessary. The Conscription Act

New York City Underground Art

967 words - 4 pages Art has been an essential part of New York City underground subway system since it first opened to the public. The underground art offers a variety of images for that often mesmerizes the tourists and captivates the eyes of fellow New Yorkers. The art in the subway system includes murals of that consists of glass, ceramic or stone mosaic, windows of stained glass and sculpture and most of all abstract art. They are created by renowned artists

Mirgration to New York City

746 words - 3 pages In this essay I am going to discuss the issue of migration in New York from different points of view. New York City’s foreign-born population is very high. Between 1970 and 2008, the number of non-native New Yorkers doubled to 3 million while the native-born population declined by more than 1 million (“New York City's Immigrant Population Soars”) YOU NEED TO EXPLAIN WHY THIS IS HAPPENING The role of immigrants in the New York City’ economy It is

Trip to New York City

1023 words - 4 pages the United States. Going on a trip to explore New York City really made the differences in cultures aware to me. As our plane landed at LaGuardia airport in New York City and we walked out into the terminal through the long dark and narrow jet way, the first glances made all of us aware we were not at home. I was on a school trip along with 29 other classmates and six chaperones, 36 people who were used to the calmness of the peaceful town in

Similar Essays

New York City Before, During, And After The Civil War

3067 words - 12 pages New York City Before, During, and After the Civil War In its long and illustrious history, New York City (NYC) has gone through tremendous change. From a small trading post on the tip of Manhattan Island, to the greatest metropolis in the world, NYC has continued to evolve over time. One period in particular that had more degrees of change than many others, was 1860 to 1865. The lives of the residents of the great port city would be

The History Of Pollution In New York City

1559 words - 7 pages Introduction New York City has unique benefits in that there are tremendous amounts of people who live within close proximity to each other. This has resulted in higher uses of mass transit systems (such as: subways and buses). On average, New York’s total environmental footprint is 7.1 metrics tons per person annually. This is much lower than national average of 24.5 metric tons. The city contributes 1% of the total amount of greenhouse gases

Analysis Of The Drag Ball Culture In New York City

1090 words - 4 pages chronicles the lives of African American gay, and transgender within the drag ball culture in New York City in the mid – to – late eighties; a culture where they can create their own real identity and be themselves or anyone they want to be; a culture that is a part of our civilization and yet completely boycotted from it. The film gives this queer community a voice that has hardly ever been heard by the dominant audiences. Livingston provides us

New York City Broadway Essay

967 words - 4 pages unscathed, but then the walls and magnificent staircases caved in. 200 people were trapped and killed, though the number may be inaccurate due to humiliated officials. After this horrific occurrence, new fire laws were passed and no one was ever killed due to a fire at a New York theatre again. Through all of this, the Bowery survived, becoming the first theatre in the city to be in use continually for over a century. During the 1880s, theatres