Black Plague Essay

1101 words - 5 pages

The Black Plague started in 1347 CE and ended in 1351 CE. Europe declined dramatically by the spreading of an unstoppable virus sent from central Asia. As the virus spread through towns, villages, and across countries, dead bodies of the victims caught by the virus started to pile and gather. As more bodies began to pileup, they were dumped into pits (Wilson 438). There were many effects of the Black Plague in Europe. The three most important effects of the Black Plague was land became worthless, 1/3 to 1/2 of the European population died, and Jews were blamed for the outbreak and was targeted by Europeans. This impacted Europe economically.
The Black Plague began in central ...view middle of the document...

With less mouths to feed, agriculture declined in both crops and money. Landowners, who survived from the Black Plague, no longer kept their land. (Hardman 57) Also, craftsman’s in towns no longer had business as the Black Plague was spreading. All that was happening each day was more and more deaths. Specializing in a specific area for work was no longer useful. It didn't help them make a living and cause a shortage of workers. As more and more people panic over the disease, prices for food and goods started to rise (Hardman 57). In 1350s in England, they wanted to stop middle and low class from having too much freedom, so they kept the wages they had before the plague. However, the cost of grain rose up 30% as the cost for farms decreased (Economists 33).The economy declined in Europe because since there was no land, it meant no food production which led to no growth in money, and there was a panic of goods as the prices rose.
Another major effect of the Black Plague, was the decline of 1/3 to 1/2 of Europe’s population. As the disease kept spreading, there was a decrease in about 22 to 28 million lives out of 74 million (Martin 152). In London from 1563 to 1666, the plague killed there population by between 10 to 30%, and compared to Amsterdam's population, it was over 10%. In Venice from 1361 to 1528, there were around 22 disturbances. The plague in Venice in 1576 to 1577 killed around 1/3 of its population which was around 50,000 people (Economists 33). In the end, half the population from Asia and Africa and half of Europe’s was gone (Wells 1097). Due to the decline in population in Europe, there was a shortage of labor. Specialized craftsmen needed apprentices to learn and to be skilled artisans. Since there was a shortage of labor, people who still had business in town had to start raising the prices on goods. Also, because landowners died due to the bubonic plague, they had a lot of free land. People in the lower class looked at this as an opportunity to rise up in the feudal system. As the lower class moved up, the higher class moved down...

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