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"Blacks And Education In The United States"

2920 words - 12 pages

This paper is about the struggles and obstacles that were created by the United States in order to keep schools segregated.Blacks and Education in the United StatesAfrican American Studies9 December 2003CONTENTSBlack Education Research Paper 5-14List of Graphs 4SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 15LIST OF GraphsBlack Education Attainment 12White Education Attainment 13African Americans who were enslaved wished for freedom. While enslaved, the African Americans were beaten, underfed, mistreated, disrespected, worked to death, and treated harsher than any human being should even consider being treated. These slaves were not allowed freedom or any education. Slave owners made sure that the slaves would stay illiterate in order to keep control of them. Some slaves were able to read and write in secrecy, which led to revolts to gain freedom. African Americans realized that knowledge was the key to freedom. Freedom came after the Civil War. Freed slaves realized that their lack of skills could be fixed by getting an education. The African American who was trying to get an education was working hard to learn but was also facing a government who would not teach African Americans as completely as their white counterparts. African Americans had to fight through years and years of long, arduous work in order to get equal, integrated schools so that everyone would have an equal opportunity to learn. Generations have passed since the slave trade ended and now you can see the effects of educated African Americans in society. The pain and suffering by ancestors have led to successful black businessmen and women, teachers, singers, doctors, philosophers, and many more leaders that have been able to change the way people live and think. Every child, no matter what its skin color, learns as he or she grows up. When the child is forcibly held back, they cannot grow any further. However, once the child is set free, you will find out much they can blossom.The freed slaves had been oppressed and treated horribly during the times of slavery, but now they had a new obstacle to climb. The freed slaves were overwhelmingly unskilled, unlettered, without property or money, and with scant knowledge of how to survive as free people. To help with this problem throughout the conquered South, Congress created the Freedmen's Bureau in 1865.#The Freedman's Bureau was intended to be a type of welfare agency. It would provide food, clothing, and education to freemen. The bureau achieved its greatest successes in education. It taught an estimated 200,000 blacks how to read1. Many former slaves had an enthusiasm for learning because they wanted to close the gap between themselves and the whites. The Freedman's Bureau did quite well considering that during the six short years it had severely limited funds. The Freedman's Bureau faced a lack of concern in the North and opposition in the South. Unfortunately, it was too little and over too short a time. President Andrew Johnson's heart was not in the...

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