736 words - 3 pages

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal was born in central France on June 19, 1623. He was one of thegreatest mathematicians and physicists of the 17th century. He had two sisters of the nameGilberte and Etienne who he was very close with. At the age of 3 Pascal's mother passedaway causing the family to move back to France. Pascal's father worked in thegovernment in which he worked with mathematics causing his son Blaise to become veryinterested in them. At the age of twelve Pascal figured out the proposition of Euclideangeometry by himself. While Pascal never did attend a university or any real formaleducation, at the age of sixteen he was allowed to accompany his father on scientificgatherings. Pascal then realized that he was a genius in mathematics and decided todevote his life to them. Shortly there after he wrote an essay on conic sections with isbasically a part of projective geometry which can still baffle mathematicians today onhow he came to that answer at such a young age with out any formal schooling. Pascalthen went on to invent the 'adding machine', which is now known as the calculator. Heinvented the calculator for his father to figure out some financial matters when he wasappointed representative to the king of upper Normandy. Though Pascal didn't invent thecalculator we have now he did have a very basic version that was improved on manytimes such as adding a computer as we have now. Another branch of math that Pascalworked was Probability. Probability is the observing one of the several outcomes that canoccur in an event. Though Pascal found many things alone in mathematics, he did workwith Pierre de Fermat to discuss the probability of games of chance. In the early 1600sAbraham de Mirve who was a French mathematician and was fascinated by physics.Abraham began to reproduce and simplify experiments of Evangelista Torricelli, whichare really just the effect of atmospheric pressure and the even balance of liquids. In theexperiment Torricelli took a long glass tube and filled it with mercury, he closed one end,and put his finger in the other end. He then inverted the tube, placing the open end in abowl of mercury. He removed his finger causing the mercury in the tube to only sink partway down the tube and then stayed there. Torrielli hypothesized that it was due to the factof the...

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