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Blaming Gorbachev For The Collapse Of The Soviet Union

1261 words - 5 pages

Blaming Gorbachev for the Collapse of the Soviet Union

On December 5 1991 the Soviet Union was declared officially
non-existent, radically changing the world’s economic and political
environment. On the 10 February 1991 Heydar Aliyev spoke in
Parliament warning of his anticipation that the Soviet Union was to
collapse, “The Culprit to be blamed is Gorbachev”.

There is no doubt Gorbachev played a prominent role in the fall of
communism in the USSR and the collapse of the USSR itself, as well as
acquiring the responsibility for ending the Cold War, a major post-war
tension. What I will endeavour to conclude in this essay is the
extent to which Gorbachev was responsible for the USSR’s downfall and
the other factors which became an affect.

Gorbachev was born into a peasant family on 2 March 1931. After
realising law was not to be his proffesion he joined the communist
party of the Soviet Union in 1952. He was later elected to ‘the
Central Committee of the Communist Party’ of the Soviet Union as a
Member in 1971. From 1978-1985 he served as Secretary of the Central
Committee with responsibility for agriculture. From 1985 to 1991
Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Communist Party. He
also served as Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1970-1990
and acted as Chairman for the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Soviet
of the Union in 1984-85. From 1985 to 1990 he was a Member in ‘the
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR’, serving as its President
(1989-1990). He served as President of the USSR in 1990-1991.

One of the key reasons Gorbachev is highlighted as the scape goat for
the collapse of the USSR was his policy of ‘Glasnost’, through which
he allowed greater intellectual freedom to the Soviet people who, by
1987, two thirds were living in cities, and most could now read and
write. Many new editors were employed and a lot of information of a
great scale, 1920’s and 30’s truths of Stalin came out through new
technology, embracing not only the printed media but also radio,
television and all areas of creative art. Although Gorbachev had
originally stated he would continue the political ways of his
predecessors he was openly attacking Stalin. He believed no blank
pages should be left, thus when the truth about Stalin had been
unravelled the citizens then moved towards the investigation of
Lennin. “In 1986 new editors were also brought in to run Moskovskie
novosti (Moscow News), Literaturnaya gazeta, Izvestiya, and the
influential journals Novy mir and Znamya” (Martin McCauley)

The Russian citizens were highly attentive when in 16 December1986
Gorbachev released the father of the atomic H-bomb from exile and
later released political prisoners.

Gorbachev told the Central Committee who elected him that when the
people are elected, “the more...

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