World history 2 P6
Nov 2 2017
Although many powerful ideas were developed during the 18th century such as romanticism, Impressionism, and capitalism.The most powerful and impactful idea was nationalism due to its potency to unify and divide nations, and further nations acting as the driving force.
The victims of nationalism were the disunited Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.As the ruling Romanov dynasty of Russia was determined to maintain control over this diversity, they instituted a policy of Russification, forcing Russian culture on all the ethnic groups in the empire. This policy actually strengthened ethnic nationalist feelings and helped to divide Russia due to the disparities in culture and beliefs being forced upon the people. The weakened czarist empire finally fell after much warfare from the revolutions and war.In 1856, under pressure from the British and French, the Ottomans granted equal citizenship to all the people under their rule which angered conservative Turks, who wanted no change in the situation, and caused tensions in the empire.The ruling Turks of the Ottoman Empire also controlled Greeks, Slavs, Arabs, Bulgarians, and Armenians which meant that the conservative Turks were actually fighting a battle against their nation causing the division.
The victors of the nationalism were the unified Prussia empire and Sardinian kingdom.Prussia had several advantages that would eventually help it forge a strong German state. Primarily, unlike the Austro Hungarian Empire, Prussia had a mainly German population. As a result, nationalism actually unified Prussia. In contrast, ethnic groups in Austria-Hungary tore the empire apart.As for the Sardinian kingdom,Cavour united northern Italy by secretly helping nationalist rebels in southern Italy. In 1860, a small army of Italian nationalists led by Giuseppe Garibaldi captured Sicily. In battle, Garibaldi always wore a...