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Blast Overpressure And Its Negative Effect On The Human Body

875 words - 4 pages

There is a detonation in your area and you take cover from material flying though the air; that is what most people think when they are in the vicinity of an explosion. Although individuals realize the immediate danger of the blast itself and flying debris, most people do not realize they are exposed to a very deadly situation where blast overpressure is taking place. There are several harmful effects that blast overpressure can cause on the human body. Blast overpressure is a lot more dangerous than material flying though the air and it is capable of causing traumatic brain injury. Additionally, it causes very damaging conditions to the respiratory system. To understand how blast ...view middle of the document...

This can be very dangerous since you cannot see the pressure coming at you, in fact you do no know it is present until you feel its effect on your body. This is why it can cause very traumatic injuries to the body. One of the most significant effects is traumatic brain injury.
Traumatic Brain Injury, or as it is mostly called TBI, has become very well known due to the wars in both Afghanistan and Iraq. TBI is caused when there is an impact to the head that causes a brief lapse in normal brain function. This is a very dangerous condition that can occur when a person is exposed to blast overpressure. The brain can receive a very high jolt of pressure that will cause the brain to lose its current function for a brief moment. According to Jiangyue Zhang “Recently, blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) became the signature wound of the U.S. armed forces in Iraq and Afghanistan due to increased use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and rocket-propelled grenades by the insurgents” (215). When a vehicle is driving down a road in Afghanistan and strikes an improvised explosive device the vehicle is situated in the center where the blast overpressure is the highest. This means the passengers inside are exposed to the most dangerous part and most likely will lose consciousness and receive a TBI. The only effective way to be protected from blast overpressure is by appropriate distance from the source. With this overpressure you are not only worried about the brain, but you also need to worry about internal organs, like the...

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