This extract is from Sir Winston Churchill’s first address to the government as the Prime Minister of England, as he took over from Neville Chamberlain. The speech was given to rally the government to fight the world war against Germany and to win over the support of the government, but more importantly, the nation of England. The line, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.” is the most famous from the speech and is a common quote in the modern day. It shows the dedication Churchill was showing to his country, as he realised that the survival of his country was in doubt as a rampant Nazi Germany was conquering Europe. The speech was made on the 13th May, 1940, about six months in to World War II.
“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.” This line shows that Churchill is willing to do whatever it takes, and he is promising his hard work to his country. He is showing that if everyone works in unity, then they can overcome this ordeal unscathed and that the whole nation can move on. Churchill is willing to put himself forward and put in the effort, like a true leader. He will lead the nation from the front and motivate the people to follow him, into giving their own blood and sweat for their country. Each ‘offer’ has its own specific meaning. The word “blood” shows he will give his life for the country, the words “toil” and “sweat” show his urge to prove himself, lead from the front and work hard, and the word “tears” shows that he is being selfless, putting the country before himself and that he will only take decisions which are beneficial to the people.
Churchill poses rhetorical questions to his government to show that he has the answers and he keeps his answers short and concise. “You ask, what is our policy?” He explains the methods of attack, “by sea, land and air”, showing that they are using all the resources available in an effort to win. Even if the people may not agree with him, he wishes to unite them against a common enemy, labelled as a “monstrous tyranny”, and pull them through the war. I believe the use of phrases like this subtly persuades the government, and the people, to have the same goal and the same belief.
Another question he asks is “You ask, what is our aim?” and the answer, again, is extremely succinct. “Victory”. It is a cold, hard truth as Churchill wishes to convey the fact that should the English army lose the war then the people of England would lose their independence, and that it would no longer be a free country. He explains that there is absolutely no other option other to win, achieve victory, and survive. The phrase, “for without victory, there...