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Bloody Sunday Essay

976 words - 4 pages

Leading up to Russia’s Bloody Sunday of 1905, the tsars had begun to reform Russia in an era known as the Age of Modernization. The reforms of this age set up the unrest of the masses leading to the event known as Bloody Sunday, the beginning of the failed Russian Revolution of 1905. These reforms brought with them poorer conditions for the already neglected working class, bringing on additional problems to the economic and social rut Russia found itself in due to the ongoing war with Japan in the Russo-Japanese War. Russia’s Bloody Sunday was initiated was led up to by peaceful petitions against Tsar Nicholas II in attempts to get the tsar to address their grievances, but were met by the ...view middle of the document...

These were meant to make the task of farming land easier and more efficient by assigning land to people based on their individual needs, but failed to yield any increase in production because “few peasants were willing to make serious improvements to land that would not remain in their possession”. Even with this system in place, many of the commoners remained impoverished and could not meet the required annual tax payment to the zemstvos (Watts).
During Nicholas II’s reign as tsar, he plunged the prestige of stardom into the abyss through many acts unfavorable to the Russian populace. When Nicholas came to power, he had a desire to keep Russia as an autocracy with the belief that “absolute power should remain with the Russian monarchy”. Because of this belief, he was naturally opposed to any sort of democratic reforms which would threaten the Russian monarchy. As the times became harder for the Russian people, Nicholas seemed uncaring and remained largely uninvolved in the process of nurturing the health of the Russian state (“Nicholas II”). On January 22nd, 1905, a group of workers and their families marched to the Winter Palace in order to present their grievances to the negligent tsar, led by the radical Father Gregory Gapon. Upon arrival however, Russian troops fired upon the peaceful protesters thinking they were the violent rioters that had been actively attacking the Winter Palace forcing their problems onto the Russian leadership. The casualties resulting from the onslaught by the troops were immediate deaths of more than one hundred lives, and the consequential deaths of one thousand due to their wounds (“Bloody Sunday”), which initiated the failed Russian Revolution of 1905. As consequence to deaths at the hands of the Russian soldiers, Tsar Nicholas II continued to lose prestige amongst the population of the motherland, which led him to agree to the creation of the Duma in his October Manifesto, which was...

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