Bob Marley Essay

755 words - 3 pages

Robert "Bob - Tuff Gong" "Reggae Legend" Nesta Marley föddes 6 februari 1945, i en liten by I Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica.Hans far Norval Sinclair Marley var en vit Jamaican med engelska förfäder.Norval jobbade inom militären och var kapten när han gifte sig med Cedella Booker.Norval dog av hjärtattack 1995, när han var 60 år gammal och Marley bara var 10.Marley fick lida av rasistiska attacker när han var ung på grund av att mamman var svart och pappan var vit, han var själv osäker. En gång sade han (fast på engelska) "Min far var vit och min mor var svart. De andra får kalla mig vad de vill, jag är inte på någons sida. Jag är varken i en svart man sida, och inte heller i en vit mans sida. Jag är på Guds sida, den som skapade mig och gjorde så att jag kom från svart och vitt".Han och modern flyttade till Kingston efter Norvals död. Marley var tvungen att lära sig självförsvar på grund av mobbning och av ans korta längd. Han fick sitt smeknamn "Tuff Gong" för sin fysiska styrka. Han blev vän med Neville "Bunny" Livingston, som sedan började spela musik med honom. Marley lämnade skolan när han var 14 år gammal och började jobba i en affär, i fritiden spelade han musik med Joe Higgs, en Rastafari sångare som blev Bobs mentor. År 1962 spelade Marley de två första singlarna "Judge Not" och "One Cup of Coffee". I början så fick singlarna ingen uppmärksamhet, singlarna släpptes sedan igen i albumet "Songs of Freedom".1963 skapade Marley och några ungdomar en grupp som de kallade "The Teenagers", men bytte namn till "The Wailing Rudeboys" sedan till "The Wailing Wailers" och tillslut till "The Wailers". Marley var ledaren av gruppen, han sjöng och skrev de flesta låtarna."Summer Down" blev namnet på deras första singel, den var etta i Jamaicas topplistor 1964 och gjorde gruppen till den kändaste gruppen i landet.1966 gifte han sig med Rita Anderson och flyttade till Wilmington, Delaware, de stannade där i fem månader. De flyttade sedan tillbaka till Jamaica där Marley blev en medlem i Rastafari rörelsen. The Wailers första album "Catch A Fire" släpptes 1973. Ett år senare släpptes albumet "Burnin" som hade några av Marleys kändaste låtar, "Get Up, Stand Up" och "I...

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