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Physical Therapy Essay

3078 words - 12 pages

Imagine the inability to physically walk or do so pain free, or to sit, or do any type of daily routine without any sort of constant complications. Whether a person has been injured, born with a disability condition, or a disability occurred due to aging, there is a way to help treat many complications. Participating in a physical therapy rehabilitation program can help to heal an injury by proper, safe exercises to strengthen and prevent further injury or by teaching one to change their mechanics, which in turn will create a better way to manage daily routines safely and pro actively. Physical therapy can also help to prevent or decrease impairments such as the developmental affect of many genetic diseases, congenial disabilities or disabilities due to aging. Physical therapy is a rehabilitation program with the goal to assist in the recovery of surgeries and injuries, and to promote proper mechanics and motor functions; relieving pain and restoring and maintaining physical mobility, strength and a quality of life.
Physical therapy provides services to individuals and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This includes providing services in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, diseases, disorders, condition or environmental factors. Functional movement is central to what it means to be
healthy (Bates).
Physical therapy as a profession started in the late 1800's to early 1900's as a way of aiding rehabilitation of patients with poliomyelitis, which first affected children in the United States in 1894. Then women were recruited during World War I to work with and restore function and mobility to injured soldiers. One of the first physical rehabilitation specialists was Mary McMillan, served in World War I, was also the founder of the American Woman's Physical Therapeutic Association in 1921 before the organization changed its name to the American Physiotherapy Association, admitting both men and women for rehabilitation treatments. (Hensley). Mary McMillan treated many men and women with the goal to assist in their recoveries of injuries, with the intention of returning them to the condition that they were before the injury, or as closely as possible.
Initially, when being introduced to physical therapy, there is an examination to determine and evaluate a patient, and to determine what method of treatment should be followed to assist in recovery and prevention of further injury. When a program has been designed, it is designed specifically to treat that individual’s injury or disability, as every injury and goal of an individual is subjective. It is devised to treat and reduce pain if any. Therapeutic heat is frequently used to ease muscle pain and aches because it may “reduce muscle guarding and spasm, and aid tissue elasticity” (Hensley), then to create a safe and constructive way to exercise and...

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