This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Body Builders And Athletes: The Methods And Treatments Of Anabolic Steroids

2049 words - 8 pages

Literature Review
Testosterone is responsible for a males physical and emotional maturity, it regulates sperm growth, cognitive abilities, aggression, and sexual arousal among many things. Muscle development is by far the most adhered topic though when it comes to testosterone. Synthetic testosterone, known as anabolic steroids, has a bad connotation given to it when discussed. Since its discovery in 1935, synthetic productions of this male hormone have been advanced and used by all ages and genders. The methods and treatments of anabolic steroids though are administered for uses other than aiding bodybuilders and athletes.

As stated in the introduction paragraph, synthetic testosterone began its development in 1935, stemming from the natural hormone secreted from male testicles (Hoberman, 1995). Two Austrian researchers can be credited with the beginning evolutions of synthetic testosterone when they applied the principle of similia similibus, which is a treatment of an organ with itself (Oskar Zoth and Fritz Pregl ). Quickly after its newfound advancements found to build lean body muscle, it quickly began to be used by athletes and bodybuilders (Hoberman, 1995). It isn’t a surprise that when used for the promotion of muscle advancement, there have been reported side effects including impaired liver function, increased aggression, and reproductive issues (Hoberman, 1995). Note that these are common side effects when a standard, healthy individual abuses the anabolic steroid. When abused recreationally by women, there have been noticed adverse effects such as a husky voice and hair growth (Hoberman, 1995). Our human hormone that naturally regulates and controls muscle development is found in the pituitary gland. This tells our bodies to produce a peptide amino acid, which helps to regulate things such as metabolism, body fluids, and bone growth. This process of muscle development synthetically is referred to as protein synthesis. Protein synthesis is what stimulates your hormone receptors, telling your body that it needs to grow and increase insulin growth. An annual review of nutrition done by two researchers, Rooyackers and Sreekumaran, has shown that, “Protein synthesis is stimulated only in the presence of a high amino acid supply. A combination of the stress hormones (glucagon, glucocorticoids, and catecholamine) causes muscle catabolism, but the effects of the individual hormones on human muscle and their mechanisms of action remain to be clearly defined” (Rooyakers & Sreekumaran, 1997). Protein Synthesis is the result of anabolic hormones administrations. The American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism aided to this formation of protein synthesis by testing the variations of synthesis based on an individual’s anabolic response to administration. They studied development of models to predict anabolic response to testosterone administration in healthy young men. The ages of the men ranged from 18-35 who did not use...

Find Another Essay On Body Builders and Athletes: The Methods and Treatments of Anabolic Steroids

Muscle Strengthening Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids in Resistance Trained Athletes and non-Athletes

1222 words - 5 pages in men undergoing athletic training. The Lancet. 308(7988): 699-702. Hervey G.R., Knibbs A.V., Burkinshaw L., Morgan D.B., Jones P.R.M.,. Chettle D.R., Vartsky D. (1981). Effects of methandienone on the performance and body composition of men undergoing athletic training. Clinical Science. 60: 457-461. Kadi F., Eriksson A., Holmner S.(1999). Effects of anabolic steroids on the muscle cells of strength-trained athletes. Medicine and

Steroids And Athletes... The Different Affects Different Steroids Have On The Human Body, And How It Is Related To Our Althletes

967 words - 4 pages /or the dose and frequency of one or more steroids), reaching a peak amount at mid-cycle and gradually tapering the dose toward the end of the cycle. The escalation of steroid use can vary with different types of training. For example, body builders and weight lifters tend to escalate their dose to a much higher level than do long distance runners or swimmers.So, what are the risks and side-effects of using steroids? Well, as with all other drugs

The use and abuse of Anabolic Steroids

895 words - 4 pages The use and abuse of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids In a world of increasingly competitive sports, many collegiate and professional athletes test positive for the abuse of illegal performance enhancing drugs. A common drug used is known as the Anabolic-Androgenic steroid. The proper use of AAS when administered by health officials can help individuals with particular health conditions and hormone deficiencies. When an individual takes higher

Anabolic Steroids and The User

1184 words - 5 pages who idolize these athletes are gaining an unrealistic perspective on body image. Children who see these athletes realize that the only way to achieve this strength is through anabolic steroids. “There have been cases as early as 10 years old, as a matter of fact 3.5 percent of girls and 5 percent of boys as early as 10 are using steroids” ( These children along with their families are influenced by multimillion-dollar

The Use of Anabolic Steroids

1366 words - 5 pages The Use of Anabolic Steroids During the past decade, anabolic steroid abuse became a national concern. These drugs are used illicitly by weight lifters, body builders, long distance runners, cyclists, and others who claim that these drugs give them a competitive advantage and/or improve their physical appearance. Overall youth steroid use remains alarmingly high. According to the 1999 Monitoring the Future Study, the

The Effects of Anabolic Steroids

973 words - 4 pages glucose tolerance, hypertension, liver toxicity, jaundice and tumors have allbeen linked to the use of anabolic steroids. Steroids tend to increase blood pressure, whichmakes the heart pump harder, eventually weakening it. They also prevent the removal ofcholesterol from the walls of veins, which can also have negative effect on the body. In the liver,elevated levels of bile can be present, as well as peliosis hepatis or blood pools in the liver

Athletes and Steroids

496 words - 2 pages Anabolic steroids are powerful drugs that many people take in high doses to boost athletic performance. Anabolic means "Body building tissue." Anabolic steroids help build muscle tissue and increase body mass by acting like the body's natural male hormone, testosterone.Lower doses of Anabolic steroids sometimes are used to treat a handful of very serious medical conditions. Anabolic steroids are the ones abused by athletes and others who want a

The Dangers of Using Anabolic Steroids

1822 words - 8 pages Athletes using steroids for a prolonged period of time face damaging and life-threatening side effects. Anabolic steroids are “synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male hormone testosterone” (“Anabolic Steroids”). Anabolic means “tissue building” (“Anabolic Steroids”). They have many nicknames like ‘“arnolds, gym candy, pumpers, roids, stackers, weight trainers, and juice”’ (“Anabolic Steroids”). Anabolic steroids are

The Development of Anabolic Steroids in Sports

3613 words - 14 pages when most of the drug using athletes were caught after WADA improved their drug testing and it revealed the olympic powerhouse Germany's long term drug protocols in their olympic athletes. In 1990 the Steroid Control Act was passed which classified Anabolic steroids as a Schedule III drug which made it equal to Opium and Morphine. The FDA, the AMA, the DEA and the NIDA all did not agree with ban and thought that steroids should have been kept

The Use of Steroids in Athletics and its Effects on Athletes

1391 words - 6 pages The Use of Steroids in Athletics and its Effects on Athletes According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, an athlete is defined as “a person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games requiring physical strength, agility, or stamina.” Athletes train and practice year-round to prepare for the competition and challenges. At times during the preparation, injuries are sustained and fatigue is endured. To rid themselves of these

The Use of Anabolic Steroids in Society Today

1255 words - 5 pages generated a black market with estimated sales of up to $400 million a year, according to a NIDA Research Report, Anabolic Steroids: A Threat to Body and Mind (NIDA July/August1997). Anabolic steroids are drugs derived from the male hormone testosterone. They promote muscle growth and increase lean body mass. Although anabolic steroids have many approved medical uses, some athletes and others seeking to improve performance and physical appearance

Similar Essays

Athletes And Anabolic Steroids Essay

991 words - 4 pages Sports and the spirit of competition have been valued by the human race for centuries. Today, sports are enjoyed globally by millions of people on amateur and professional levels. Unfortunately, the desire to win and exceed in the athletic field has led to the development and use of anabolic steroids. I believe that the use of anabolic steroids should be completely banned in order to ensure the safety of all athletes, to preserve the

Comparing The Muscle Strengthening Effects Of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids In Resistance Trained Athletes And Non Athletes

1015 words - 5 pages A.V., Burkinshaw L., Morgan D.B., Jones P.R.M.,. Chettle D.R., Vartsky D. (1981). Effects of methandienone on the performance and body composition of men undergoing athletic training. Clinical Science. 60: 457-461. Kadi F., Eriksson A., Holmner S.(1999). Effects of anabolic steroids on the muscle cells of strength-trained athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 31:1528-1534. Kuhn C.M. (2002). Anabolic Steroids. The Endocrine

Athletes, Performance Enhancing Drugs And Anabolic Steroids

3033 words - 12 pages that are being abused by athletes (Bigelow, par.10). The use of steroids goes back to the end of World War II around the 1940’s. Doctors were giving the freed prisoners from the Nazi concentration camps that were at risk of death anabolic-androgenic steroids to help gain back their muscle mass and weight faster. From this knowledge, steroids began to be used by body builders and athletes to get more fit than they already were. It is believed that

The Effects Of Anabolic Steroids On Athletes

1665 words - 7 pages question has arisen as to whether or not steroids increase the size of the heart. Studies have been done on steroid using athletes compared to non-drug users. These studies found left ventricular hypertrophy and normal diastolic function with the non drug users. Concentric hypertrophy with impairment of diastolic function was found in the drug users. An increase in left ventricular mass with normal diastolic function was found in body builders