Body Dsymorphic Disorder Essay

2406 words - 10 pages

Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a relatively common disorder that is categorized with Obsessive Compulsive related disorders. It is defined by the DSM-V as the preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in physical appearance that is observable or appear slight to others (Wolrich, 2011). These individuals focus on things such as their face, hair, skin, breast size, muscle size, and genitalia. A Body Dysmorphic Disorder diagnosis is categorized into two criteria. Criteria A consist of an individual having a preoccupation with one defect or flaw in their physical appearance, which they believe to look ugly, unattractive, abnormal or deformed. Criteria B is comprised of obsessive, repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are performed in response to the preoccupation (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Moreover, the constant worrying related to this disorder causes some impairment to social, and professional aspects in the individual's life. These individuals have irrational thoughts that involve agonizing thoughts about how a certain body part may appear to others, and constant thoughts about their appearance. Checking specific body parts, comparing body parts to others, and camouflaging the defected area are characterized behavior of this disorder. Individuals that suffer from this disorder also tend to stray from social situations due to their fear of being critiqued. The individuals who suffer from this disorder have a lack of understanding of their condition; hence, they don’t comprehend that their way of thinking is distorted. The majority of Body Dysmorphic Disorder sufferers report feeling depressed, anxious, and hopeless due to, their perfectionist tendencies and impossibly high self-standards (Wolrich, 2011).

Amalgamated Case Study
A single 21-year-old female of Latin descent from the United States presents at a dermatologist office with horrible acne and large pores that cause her severe distress. She explains to the dermatologist that she has a hard time focusing on daily activities, because she spends 6 to 9 hours a day scrutinizing her facial appearance. She gives a detailed list of the many acne creams, and moisturizers she has spent hundreds of dollars on, to prevent the severe acne. Though her skin appears normal to the dermatologist, she has become detached from society because of her obsessive appearance checking, and irrational thoughts that anyone she may come into contact with will judge her off her appearance. As a result of the severe distress she feels about her acne and pores, she avoids her friends and family, because she fears they will criticize her about her appearance.
Etiology on Disorder
Historical Views
This disorder originated from the Italian psychiatrist Moreselli, who used the term dysmorphophobia. The term dysmorphophobia is defined as the subjective feeling of ugliness or of a physical defect, despite a normal appearance, combined with shame (Schmidt & Sobanski, 2000). Considering this disorder...

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