Boethius Argument Against Univ Essay

645 words - 3 pages

Boethius' Argument Against Universals In the essay "From His Second Commentary on Porphyry's Isagoge" Boethius discusses the existence of universals.. By proposing two main arguments, he first shows why a view such as that held by Plato (one claiming that universals exist independent of particulars and that a universal exists wholly in each particular at all times) is false. Then he presents his own view of the relationship between universals and particulars which is based on the idea that the universals exist in the collectivity of the particulars. Boethius' first argument against a Platonic view of universals concerns how a single universal can exist wholly and entirely in each particular thing to which it is common. A universal is supposedly one entity existing in every particular to which it is common at all times. But Boethius argues that if it is to exist wholly in several things at one time, it cannot in itself be one entity. According to Boethius "everything that exists exists for the reason that it is one." And therefore, if the universal is existing in several things at one time (and thus is not one in number) then it cannot exist in this Platonic fashion. Boethius' second argument deals with universals if they are to be spoken of as being many rather than one. He explains that to say is also false. For to say this is to imply that "there will be no last (universal set above the others)." This is because there will be a universal set over many things and will thus be multiple. And because it is in many things, it "has a likeness of what is a (universal)." But it is a likeness that is not one in number and therefore, "another (universal) of that (universal) is also to be searched for." Boethius explains that this is...

Find Another Essay On Boethius argument against univ

An Analysis of the Arguably Unified Poem, Beowulf

2968 words - 12 pages and theme, issues to be discussed shortly. The key argument against Beowulf's structural unity maintains that its two parts present too many dissimilarities to be unified; critics on the extreme end of this argument even hold to the theory of multiple authorship. For example, it is said that Grendel and his mother do not compare equally with the dragon; the Christian allusions of part one do not mesh with the paganism of part two; and Beowulf

Dante Alighieri. Biography and work Essay

1505 words - 6 pages opposed to the Chibellines, and he was involved in a battle and emergedvictorious. It was around this time, 1290, that Beatrice died, after she died hebegan studying philosophy, he read the works of Boethius and Cicero. He soonafter married Gemma Donati, a member of a noble Florentine Guelph family. Heattempted to settle down and forget Beatrice, however he became more andmore engulfed in the party scene, he discovered the pleasure of banquets

The Problem of Evil

5631 words - 23 pages all. We are still left with an omnipotent God's responsibility for human suffering. Natural evil Natural evil considered as a punishment In the Middle Ages, a popular line of defence against attacks based on the Problem of Evil was to say that it was a punishment, but this point of view has gone out of fashion. The argument was that if you suffer some misfortune, such as contracting the plague, then that is God's righteous punishment for

“Although Mass Movements Are A Natural Phenomena

1356 words - 5 pages against the possibilities of human actions exacerbating the situation.There are factors which are loosely connected to this subject such as human activities influencing levels of precipitation, including the role of humans in the process of global warming. If such a situation were to be proved to be in existence then it is indeed possible for human activity to have an indirect influence upon the severity of the impact of mass movements.Human activities

The Book of the Duchess as a Chaucerian Consolation

2489 words - 10 pages against listlessness. Instead, only a direct discourse against grief can counter this listlessness, and this occurs in the fictional story that follows after the dream. The passed Ceyz counsels Aycone to stop her melancholy, for in it lies no help (202-203). While, this argument is conventional and a futile consolatory argument, it does demand some consideration, since the dead Ceyz actually advises the queen to lament and to weep in the original

Review: The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution

718 words - 3 pages what they saw as, the inherent corruption which was the constant companion of absolutist power, which had led to a steady encroachment of crown's authority over the Parliament. At its very crux this was based on the continuous struggle for power by the governing versus liberty for the governed which had existed since immemorial. Bailyn concludes this was the context, against which American colonists increasingly conceived their quarrels with English

Feminist Perspective of Paulina in Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale

716 words - 3 pages urges feminists to "assert the power of resistance, subverting rather than co-opting the domination of the patriarchal Bard" (McLuskie 106). Yet many feminists find strength in Shakespeare. Irene Dash, for instance, proclaims that "Shakespeare's women characters testify to his genius .... they learn the meaning of self sovereignty for a woman in a patriarchal society" (Dash 1). Paulina of The Winter's Tale provides support for Dash's argument

Dante Alighieri: Hell

1522 words - 6 pages this time, 1290, that Beatrice died, after she died he began studying philosophy, he read the works of Boethius and Cicero. He soon after married Gemma Donati, a member of a noble Florentine Guelph family. He attempted to settle down and forget Beatrice, however he became more and more engulfed in the party scene, he discovered the pleasure of banquets, and was seen engaged in public rhyming contests. These contests were a sort of poetic insult

Hacktivists as gadflies

1954 words - 8 pages . Hacktivists just like the philosophers before them didn’t accept things and the willingly went against the things in life that they think are wrong. One could argue that philosophers and hacktivists are different because philosophers try to finding whether or not something is right while hacktivists are more concerned to changing our government and society. Socrates suggests that people in the government concern themselves spreading what they think is

A Role for Religion in Public Service

3613 words - 14 pages the world' or 'mentality,' which some historians favor.(3) But none of these implies a call to action. The term 'ideology', though action-oriented, tends to be associated only with nonreligious ideas. But some writers are beginning to apply it to religious ideas that inspire action. The term 'ideology' seems suitable for discussing religious activism. But militating against this usage are the various ways in which the term has been used and is

The Argument for Paying NCAA Football Players

2574 words - 11 pages Even the waterboy gets paid! NCAA football is a billion dollar a year empire, in which coaches, executives, school presidents, board members, athletic trainers, athletic directors, equipment managers, Waterboys, towel boys, ball boys, and even team mascots all receive a chunk of the revenue. Everyone gets paid except the athletes, who don’t receive a dime of the money. That’s because it’s against NCAA rules to pay college athletes with anything

Similar Essays

Overview Of The Consolation Essay

994 words - 4 pages , New York: Penguin, 1969.) Things to Think About as You Read 1. Boethius constructs a harmony between classical and Christian ideas about God and human nature, showing in part the unity of truth and philosophy (classical and Christian wisdom being so similar) and in part the support that classical philosophers provide for Christian truth. 2. Similarly, Boethius carefully bases his argument on reason rather than Christian revelation, to

Short Essays On Meno, Consolation, Oedipus, And King Lear

1372 words - 5 pages According to Socrates virtue cannot be taught. It is argued that if it can be taught there must be teachers. It is agreed that the greatest of the men who possessed virtue would be the best teachers. The next argument is that if these men were going to teach it to anyone they would pass it on to their sons. One example is made of Themistocles. They conclude that his son, Cleophantus "certainly not"(Anytus 93 E) to be "a good and wise man in the

Affirmative Action Essay

518 words - 2 pages affirmative action have argued that because of affirmative action, white males are discriminated against as a group. They call this a "reverse discrimination." This argument sounds somewhat believable but it is simply wrong if we look at the facts. Women and minorities today are still significantly underrated in spite of the enforcement of affirmative action programs. 'According to a 1995 government report, white males hold 95 percent of senior

Galileo's View Of The New World

1421 words - 6 pages grounds behind why this document actually holds significance. This will make the argument that Galileo wanted to make the distinction between science and religion. In order to understand and analyse this source, the letter needs to be in its 17th century context. During this period, the Catholic Church had a firm grip on power concerning social thoughts . It was common practice for people to not have read the bible due to illiteracy. The letter