With multiple chances from the United States to surrender in the war and rejecting each one, the Japanese set themselves up for disaster. On August 6, 1945 the course of history was changed. Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima, and three days later, August 9, 1945, on Nagasaki that ended World War II. Japan had already been a defeated nation from conventional bombs and World War II. Many innocent lives were lost, psychological scars were left on the lives of the bomb survivors, and thus many lives were changed forever. The atomic bombings caused many people to have genetic effects due to the radiation from the bombs. Revisionists have said the US used the bombs to blackmail the Soviet Union. The deployment of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was morally justified because it ended the war quickly, ultimately saved many lives, and was a beginning for many.
Historians have debated evidence that the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not morally justified. Revisionist historians or advocates of revision, say the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unnecessary and not needed. The bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, they say, caused many innocent lives to be lost along with the lives already lost from World War II.
The atomic bombings left the victims and survivors with psychological scars (Sawada). The atomic bombs could have been dropped on two of Japan’s less populated cities, but because the atomic bombs were dropped on two of the Japanese’s most populated cities, many lives were lost. The bombs then could have resulted in less casualties, if dropped on a less populated city.
It is argued that the atomic bombs were more political than military (Henry 51). American revisionist historians have said the US tried to use the bombs to blackmail the Soviet Union into cooperation with the Allies (Henry 51). America wanted to gain the upper hand over the Soviet Union and Americans thought a smart way to show this would be to drop two atomic bombs.
Historians and other scholars have said that the war should have been left between the soldiers to fight. By America coming into the war and dropping the atomic bombs, the soldiers did not get to continue fighting to the end. Many have said this was unfair or unjust.
Another way to end the war could have been found, it has been asserted. An agreement on both sides could have been made to end the war. The US could have modified the Potsdam Proclamation or the Proclamation Defining Terms for the Japanese surrender, therefore guaranteeing the emperor of Japan’s position as leader of his country. Soldiers could have kept fighting and more troops could have been sent out to finish the war by using manpower. Scholars have contended that the US did not have to drop the bomb as soon as it did or at all. They could have waited longer to see if the war would end through the soldiers’ efforts.
Because the atomic bombs used radiation,...