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Bone Cancer Essay

1095 words - 5 pages

Overview
Cancer has hundreds of different types. One of these types is bone cancer. Like most other types of cancer, if bone cancer is not found and treated, it can kill you. Bone cancer is defined as when you get cancer in your bone’s cells. There are two different types of bone cancer. It can be primary or secondary. Primary bone cancer originates in your bones and has several subtypes. However, secondary bone cancer is when the cancer spreads from other parts of your body (such as your lungs) to your bones.
According to the National Cancer Institute (www.cancer.gov), in 2013 there were around 3,010 new cases of bone cancer, and there were around 1,440 deaths from bone cancer. Everyone ...view middle of the document...

While these are not the only symptoms of bone cancer, they are the most common ones. Other symptoms can arise, depending on what stage the cancer is in, and whether or not the cancer is in other parts of the body.
First, pain in the bone is the most common symptom of bone cancer. If the tumor continues to grow, the pain will become sharper and more recognizable. Whenever the cancer first develops, the pain is usually very dull, and can only be felt at a certain time. (like at night) However, as the cancer develops, the pain also becomes sharper.
There are other symptoms as well. Swelling is another symptom, but may only occur in some people. If the tumor is near a joint and it gets large enough, this is what causes the swelling. Also, fractures can occur since cancer puts pressure on the bone and weakens it. Limited mobility is another symptom, because of all the pain, and especially when the tumor is close to a joint. Although those are the most common symptoms, there are others which can include fatigue and losing weight.
Several treatment options are available for bone cancer. The main type of treatment is surgery, but other treatments include chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted therapy, which uses drugs, but it’s different from chemotherapy. Whenever doctors perform surgery to treat bone cancer, they need to make sure to get all of the cancer cells so that the cancer doesn’t come back. Sometimes to do this, doctors have to cut off a whole limb, which is known as amputation. This is mainly for cancer in the arms and legs.
Depending on where the cancer is, the surgery procedure varies. For example, in the spine or skull, bone cement might be needed, which radiates heat and then destroys the tumor cells.
Miscellaneous Information
The good news is that the success rate for getting bone cancer is generally pretty high. About half of all women with bone cancer survive, and around forty percent of men survive. If the cancer is caught early enough, you have a better chance of getting the cancer treated and surviving. This is mainly just for primary bone cancer though, which means that the cancer originates in the bone.
Primary bone cancer is not as dangerous as secondary bone...

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