Book Analysis

1292 words - 6 pages

The Greek epic, The Odyssey, is one of the most well-known myths in existence. It was written by one of the greatest poets in Greek history, Homer. It tells of Odysseus and his journey back to his kingdom, in which he meets many deterrents that try to prevent his success. It contains four mythic themes: Heroic Journey, Gods & Goddesses, Tricksters, and Good & Evil. I really enjoyed this myth. It contained many points of conflict, which made it an altogether enjoyable read.

The well-known myth, The Odyssey, tells of Odysseus and his journey back to his kingdom. He found himself held captive in Ogygia after fighting in the Trojan War, and those back home began to think he would never ...view middle of the document...

The second step to the heroic journey is Call to Adventure. This step is met by telling of Athena and her urgency to set Telemachus out on a journey to bring home his father. The third step is Refusal of the Call, which is met by Telemachus’s apprehension to listen to some complete stranger about his father being alive. Although it doesn’t directly come out and say he is apprehensive, it is just sensible to believe he wouldn’t automatically want to go on a crazy journey with a strange unknown person. The fourth step is Meeting with the Mentor. The mentor in The Odyssey is most definitely the goddess Athena who is determined to return Odysseus home, alive and healthy. The fifth step is Crossing the Threshold. This step is taken by Telemachus, when he sets out on his journey by sea to find his father. He cannot turn back; he must either return with his father in tow or die trying. The sixth step is Tests, Allies, and Enemies. This step is taken when Telemachus has to complete many impossible tasks on his journey. These trials cannot be taken lightly, and the journey is full of people who will either take his side or try to take him down. The seventh step is Approach the Inmost Cave, which is met when Odysseus is stranded on the Island of the Sun. The only source of food for he and his crew was the cattle that they were warned not to slaughter. The eighth step is The Ordeal, which is met when Odysseus faces death after being betrayed by his selfish crew members. The ninth step is Seizing the Reward, which was taken when Odysseus returned home. The tenth step is The Road Back, which was met by Odysseus making his way back into his kingdom, disguised as a wandering poor man. The eleventh step is Resurrection, which is met by Odysseus revealing to his son that he, in fact, is alive and home again. The twelfth step, Return with the Elixir, is met when Odysseus conquers the suitors and gets his wife, Penelope, and the kingdom back. As you can see, The Odyssey most definitely contains all of the elements to the mythic theme, Heroic Journey. However, not only does it contain that, but it also contains Gods & Goddesses.

The Odyssey unquestionably has the mythic theme Gods & Goddesses. The gods play a big part in the story as a whole, because Odysseus would not have been able to return home without the help of Athena. He certainly would have died by the wrath of Zeus on the Island of the Sun, or if not that, perish in captivity in Ogygia. Not only was the goddess Athena a big part of this story, but also the rest of the...

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