The historical land of Mesopotamia significantly contributed to early civilization in relation to its close proximity to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and rich fertile land it provided. The rivers offered the people of Mesopotamia fertile soil, irrigation water for crops and fishing, and also supplied an abundance of wild barley and wheat for food or could stored as a food supply.
The first settlers of Mesopotamia learned to cultivate and harvest crops, which would provide a bountiful supply for food. This enabled the people to settle and create villages, which eventually led to larger communities and cities. People no longer had to move throughout the land hunting animals in order to feed but instead could live off the land and in turn learned to domestic their animals for multiple uses (Easeen, 12/2007).
Though the river had many benefits it also had, it’s disadvantages such as flooding and water shortages related to droughts (Soomo, 2013). Mesopotamians had to be inventive and so created levy’s, canals and irrigations systems to help them adapt to the river’s challenges. They learned how to live with these environmental factors and came up with inventive strategies to overcome obstacles.
For the people of Mesopotamia living near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers created many achievements to the settlers lives. They built homes, shops and had a temple for worship and as the population grew so too did the need to create a civil existence. The Priest and Kings held hierarchy and then eventually came the written law for people to follow (Easeen, 12/2007).
It also provided many of the social fundamental values that still carry on in societies today. Their innovations of government, commerce, taxes farming, towns, cities, are some examples of ways in which the first settlers paved the way for the rest of the world. Though many centuries have past and the people of Mesopotamia are long gone, the civilized world continues to build from the adaptation of their systematical way of life.
B. The Potato plant can be traced back many centuries and is thought to have originated in South Americas. The Incas in Peru were the first known to farm the potato.
The Incas had learned to preserve the potato for storage by dehydrating and mashing potatoes into a substance called chuñu. Chuñu could be stored in a room for up to 10 years, providing excellent insurance against possible crop failures. (Chapman, n.d.).
The popularity of this plant may be related to its relatively low maintenance in planted and growing. It also provides a good source of nutrition. The seeds or tubers of the potato plant are easily planted and or can be stored for use at another time. This provided farmers the ease or regrowth when potatoes supplies would begin to diminish. There are thousands of varieties of potatoes, which today can be found all across the world.
In the 16th century, the Spanish Conquistadors brought the Potato back with them to Spain...