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Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

1269 words - 5 pages

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) first got its name because researchers thought it was in the middle of psychotic illnesses and neurotic disorders (“Treating borderline personality disorders,” 2010). Scientists think there is a direct correlation with the receptors in the brain responsible for “opioid” transmission and the behaviors demonstrated by people with the disorder (Bandelow, B; Schmahi, C; Falki, P; Wedekind, D., 2010, pp. 623-636). Symptoms of BPD include “interpersonal hypersensitivity, fear of being left alone, self-harming behavior, and extremely impulsive behaviors” (Gunderson, John, 2011, pp. 2037-2042). Symptoms of the disorder usually present themselves around early adulthood, mostly in women (Biskin, R. & Paris, J., 2012, p. 1789). The disorder can be treated with multiple methods, most common of these methods are the “pshychopharmacologic” treatment, which combines medication and group therapy (Ripoll, Luis, 2013). Borderline personality disorder can disrupt a persons life with the constant fear of abandonment, suicidal behavior, and erratic behavior; however, it can be combated with medication and group therapy.
Where does borderline personality come from? According to the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual V, the disorder is fifty percent more common in primary relatives than in the general population (American Psychiatry Association, 2013, p. 665). People who have a family member with borderline personality are sixty-five percent more likely to develop the disorder (Gunderson, John, 2011). Detecting the disorder is difficult due to no machine can detect any differences in the brain (Biskin, R. & Paris, J., 2012). Onset of symptoms happen within the first few years of early adulthood (“Borderline Personality Disorder,” 2013, pp. 665-666). Women make up of about seventy percent in a hospital setting (Biskin, R. & Paris, J., 2012, p. 1789). Regulation of the endogenous opioid system in the brain can cause problems with uncontrollable moods and separation anxiety (Ripoll, Luis, 2013). Neurobiologists think there is a direct link between the “endogenous opioid system and dopaminergic reward system” in patients with the disorder (Bandelow, Borwin, et al., 2010). Also, studies into the neuropeptide bonding in the brain may shed light on why people with borderline personality disorder have warped body images and display social dysfunction (Ripoll, Louis, 2013). However, no genes have been identified to directly relate borderline personality to heredity. Studies indicate “sixty-eight percent of the variance associated with genetic factors are in the same range as those with hypertension” (Gunderson, John, 2011).
The Diagnostic Statistic Manual V. describes the symptoms of borderline personality as a “pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning at early adulthood” (American Psychiatry Association, 2013, p. 663)....

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