Borderline Personality Disorder Within The Adult Population: A Brief Overview

3268 words - 13 pages

Borderline Personality Disorder PAGE 1
Running head: BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDERBorderline Personality Disorder Within the Adult Population: A Brief OverviewBy Xxxxxx Xxxxx XxxxxSubmitted to Xxxxx Xxxxx in partial fulfillment of NR XXXRegis UniversityFebruary 1, 2008Borderline Personality Disorder Within the Adult Population: A Brief OverviewBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a prevalent and chronic personality disorder that has both biological and environmental components that contribute to its development. It is said to be an aberrant condition of the self-structure or an identity disturbance (Gregory, 2007). Prominent characteristics include impulsivity, self-injury, destructive relationships, and emotional lability. Patients with this diagnosis can be paranoid, suicidal, empty, and depressed. They often demand attention and show great fear of abandonment. Individuals with BPD have very often experienced severe abuse, neglect, invalidation, or trauma during their childhood. As a result, these individuals are not only exposed to examples and patterns of maladaptive behavior, but they also develop maladaptive strategies in order to cope with the immediate stressor. Unfortunately, these behaviors perpetuate and result in emotional dysregulation (Nelson-Gray, Mitchell, Kimbrel & Hurst, 2007).Borderline personality disorder is a debilitating condition that often requires utilization of psychiatric and medical resources (Clarkin, Levy, Lenzenweger et al., 2007). Additionally, many individuals diagnosed with BPD may have comorbid disorders such as, major depression, anxiety, and chemical dependence, which only confounds the problems (Sharp, 97, 2007). In the United States, 2% to 3% of the general population is diagnosed with BPD. Females are three times more likely to be diagnosed with BPD than are males, possibly because women may be more biologically predisposed, they may feel pressured by sociocultural expectations, and because similar signs and symptoms seen in the male population usually lead to the diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder instead of BPD (Stuart, pg 429). In the clinical setting, approximately 30% of the population is diagnosed with BPD. Self-injurious behavior occurs in 69% to 75% of all cases while completed suicide occurs at an estimated rate of between 3% and 9.5% (Levy, Meehan, Kelly, Reynoso, Weber, Clarkin, Kernberg, 2006). Recognizing these facts, BPD is currently a major public health concern.According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Dictionary of Psychology, the DSM-IV, borderline personality disorder, which falls under Axis II, Cluster II, is characterized by:A long-standing pattern of instability in mood, interpersonal relationships, and self-image that is severe enough to cause extreme distress or interfere with social and occupational functioning. (p. 130).In order to meet the diagnostic criteria, an individual must identify five or more of the nine symptoms of BPD. The nine...

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