Borderline Personality Disorder Understanding It, History, Treatment, Closing Includes Outline And Bibliography

2682 words - 11 pages

OUTLINEI.Understanding Borderline PersonalityA.Common StereotypesB.Characteristics & Symptoms1.Fear of Abandonment2.Impulsivity & Self-Damaging Behavior3.Difficulty Controlling Anger4.Brief Psychotic EpisodesC.Prevalence in Society1.Celebrity & Film ExampleII.History of ClassificationA.Personality OrganizationB.Atypical Form of Other Personality DisordersC.Independent DisorderIII.Causal & Contributory FactorsA.Psychoanalytic1.Object-Relations Theory2.Developmental ModelB.Childhood AbuseIV.Treatment MethodsA.Psychoeducational Approach1."Joining"2."Multiple Family Group" SessionsB.Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)1.Main Treatment Tasks2.Stages of TreatmentC.AlternativesV.Closing StatementUnderstanding BPDBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) might sound a somewhat less-serious problem or perhaps a disorder that resists being categorized. However, both are stereotypes having strong roots in the disorder's history. Originally, the term "borderline" was used to describe a condition that was thought to "border" between neurotic and psychotic disorders. Its unusual and often confusing symptoms, combined with a lack of information at that time, led to an indistinct use of terminology, and consequently, misconceptions in definition. Since the DSM-III, it has been recognized as a unique type of personality disorder, and fairly recently, much concerning its etiology, course, and treatment has been identified.Borderline individuals, sometimes referred to as "borderlines", generally display a pattern of behavior marked by disruptions in identity, mood, and close personal relationships. First, their basic identity often has serious problems and is especially unstable. Likewise, it is standard to find their relationships are also quite erratic. In addition, the borderline may carry out desperate efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, become verbally abusive, threaten suicide, or have intense outbursts of anger with little provocation (Carson, Butcher & Mineka, 2000).The borderline will often seek a relationship, not necessarily romantic, with someone who they believe cares about them and will be accessible. In addition to focusing on one person at a time, they tend to vacillate between modes of idealization and devaluation of the person, due in part to their unrealistic expectations for them. At any moment, if they believe that they are going to be abandoned, they frequently react with sheer panic. It is then that the prevalent destructive, angry, and manipulative behaviors surface in an effort to avert the anticipated loss of support (Gunerdon, Berkowitz et al., 1997).Another characteristic of the borderline personality is impulsivity, which is often self-damaging. Because they are emotionally unstable, their behavior is often self-destructive and can include acts of self-mutilation, suicidal tendencies, alcohol or drug abuse, binge-eating, gambling, overactive sexual behavior, or reckless driving. It is suspected that...

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