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Boudicca's Revolt Against Roman Rule In Britain

2194 words - 9 pages

Boudicca was and still is in the eyes of many a national hero. Boudicca is an extremely important part of English and Roman history as she led the only revolt that actually threatened the Roman rule in Britain. Boudicca’s attitude was a true reflection of the way all Celtic people felt about the Roman rule. It is because of this that she was able to unit many Celts on a common cause, during a time of a great cultural and national change. Yet, like all humans Boudicca had her flaws, and though rare on occasions she made irrational choices.
Boudicca lived and died in the first century, a time when the Roman Empire was continuing to expand. Although the Romans first expedition to Briton (modern day Britain) was carried out by Julius Caesar in 55 BC it was nearly one hundred years later that the Romans under Emperor Claudius in 43 AD that a full scale invasion was launched.
When the Romans Invaded Briton each Celtic tribe was treated differently. The Celtic Iceni tribe kept out of the violent conflict, and because of this they were awarded ‘client kingdom’ status by the Romans. Being a client kingdom meant that the Iceni tribe maintained a considerable amount of independence. They were allowed to keep their rulers, and they were allowed to mint coin. They were bound by treaty to Rome, who in return would back them up, often against rival tribes. Yet the Romans took the view that they had the authority, to at any time intervene in the internal affairs of their client kingdoms. On the other hand the main city of the Trinovantes tribe, which was located just south of the Iceni tribe, was declared by Emperor Claudius as the capital of his British province. The Trinovantes people lost their freedom as well as having most of their land confiscated, and were made to pay taxes used to finance the occupation and building of many Roman structures.
For the Iceni people, being a client kingdom meant that that they were allowed to keep their king and queen, and they didn’t have to pay taxes. Yet in 60 AD after Seventeen years of Roman Rule this all ended for the Iceni people. Queen Boudicca's husband King Prasutagus, in an attempt to secure a future for his family and his people, made a will leaving just half of his wealth to his family while the other half went to the Roman Empire. However when Prasutagus died the Romans took no notice of his will, instead they sent soldiers to his home. These soldiers confiscated all of the family wealth including the royal home, and announced that the Iceni nobles were to be enslaved and striped of their estates. Boudicca took this matter to a higher Roman authority. Instead of having her case heard she was publicly stripped and lashed, and her two daughters were raped.
This led to the reason why Boudicca is still remembered today. All of the Celtic people in Briton were under direct Roman rule and had no freedom, rights or land of their own. They were prisoners in their own land. Boudicca led a bloodthirsty...

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